Tocharian_2 发表于 2017-5-26 15:53

Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers

本帖最后由 Tocharian_2 于 2017-5-26 15:55 编辑

Paleogenomic Evidence for Multi-generational Mixing between Neolithic Farmers and Mesolithic Hunter-Gatherers in the Lower Danube Basin

The transition from hunting and gathering to farming involved profound cultural and technological changes. In Western and Central Europe, these changes occurred rapidly and synchronously after the arrival of early farmers of Anatolian origin [1, 2, 3], who largely replaced the local Mesolithic hunter-gatherers [1, 4, 5, 6]. Further east, in the Baltic region, the transition was gradual, with little or no genetic input from incoming farmers [7]. Here we use ancient DNA to investigate the relationship between hunter-gatherers and farmers in the Lower Danube basin, a geographically intermediate area that is characterized by a rapid Neolithic transition but also by the presence of archaeological evidence that points to cultural exchange, and thus possible admixture, between hunter-gatherers and farmers. We recovered four human paleogenomes (1.1× to 4.1× coverage) from Romania spanning a time transect between 8.8 thousand years ago (kya) and 5.4 kya and supplemented them with two Mesolithic genomes (1.7× and 5.3×) from Spain to provide further context on the genetic background of Mesolithic Europe. Our results show major Western hunter-gatherer (WHG) ancestry in a Romanian Eneolithic sample with a minor, but sizeable, contribution from Anatolian farmers, suggesting multiple admixture events between hunter-gatherers and farmers. Dietary stable-isotope analysis of this sample suggests a mixed terrestrial/aquatic diet. Our results provide support for complex interactions among hunter-gatherers and farmers in the Danube basin, demonstrating that in some regions, demic and cultural diffusion were not mutually exclusive, but merely the ends of a continuum for the process of Neolithization.

风火如初 发表于 2017-5-27 09:08


风火如初 发表于 2017-5-27 09:11

好就好在本文选 在文化剧烈变化而与此对应的人种却未发生同样剧烈变化的多脑河,很好地表达了人类文明进步是交流而非敌视。

imvivi001 发表于 2017-5-27 23:05

作者团队似乎是一个女子组合,其中第二作者赫然是可爱的琼斯博士,蛮有意思的Gloria González-Fortes, Eppie R. Jones14,, Emma Lightfoot, Clive Bonsall, Catalin Lazar, Aurora Grandal-d’Anglade, María Dolores Garralda,, Veronika Siska, Angela Simalcsik, Adina Boroneanţ。指导老师Michael Hofreiter不太熟,不记得他之前有什么拿得出手的作品...

imvivi001 发表于 2017-5-27 23:14

•A large WHG genome component was present in Eneolithic communities in this region
•The further east in Europe, the weaker the genetic component of Anatolian farmers


wanhuatong 发表于 2017-5-28 10:20


imvivi001 发表于 2017-5-29 09:07

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