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匈奴考古新发现C3&R1a1

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发表于 2010-2-15 21:53 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
American Journal of Physical Anthropology 20 Jan 2010
A western Eurasian male is found in 2000-year-old elite Xiongnu cemetery in Northeast Mongolia

Kijeong Kim et al.

Abstract
We analyzed mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), Y-chromosome single nucleotide polymorphisms (Y-SNP), and autosomal short tandem repeats (STR) of three skeletons found in a 2,000-year-old Xiongnu elite cemetery in Duurlig Nars of Northeast Mongolia. This study is one of the first reports of the detailed genetic analysis of ancient human remains using the three types of genetic markers. The DNA analyses revealed that one subject was an ancient male skeleton with maternal U2e1 and paternal R1a1 haplogroups. This is the first genetic evidence that a male of distinctive Indo-European lineages (R1a1) was present in the Xiongnu of Mongolia. This might indicate an Indo-European migration into Northeast Asia 2,000 years ago. Other specimens are a female with mtDNA haplogroup D4 and a male with Y-SNP haplogroup C3 and mtDNA haplogroup D4. Those haplogroups are common in Northeast Asia. There was no close kinship among them. The genetic evidence of U2e1 and R1a1 may help to clarify the migration patterns of Indo-Europeans and ancient East-West contacts of the Xiongnu Empire. Artifacts in the tombs suggested that the Xiongnu had a system of the social stratification. The West Eurasian male might show the racial tolerance of the Xiongnu Empire and some insight into the Xiongnu society. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2010. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.


发表, 阅读, 有重要附件!
 楼主| 发表于 2010-2-15 22:02 | 显示全部楼层
背景知识:

http://www.eurasianhistory.com/data/articles/k02/1869.html
匈奴考古国际研讨会会议纪要

马 健
2008-11-03
......
 第三节首先发言的是韩国国家博物馆(National Museum of Korea)的Yun Hyeung won。从2002年起,韩国国家博物馆就与蒙古科学院合作,调查古代游牧民遗存。他们在蒙古东北部肯特省(Khentii Aimag)Bayan Adarga Sum地区发掘了匈奴时期的一处墓地:Duurlig Nars。韩方领队Yun Hyeung won介绍了这批墓葬的发掘情况。他们主要发掘了一批大中型墓葬,其中出土的汉式青铜帐钩、马车、铜镜、玉器十分引人瞩目。最后他们对墓葬的埋葬过程进行了复原。
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