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Yami tribe people of Orchid Island and the Philippine Islanders

发表于 2011-2-22 20:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 198401 于 2011-2-22 20:59 编辑

Genetic affinities between the Yami tribe people of Orchid Island and the Philippine Islanders of the Batanes archipelago
Jun-Hun Loo,Jean A Trejaut,Ju-Chen Yen,Zong-Sian Chen,Chien-Liang Lee and Marie Lin
BMC Genetics
Published:31 January 2011

Abstract (provisional)BackgroundYami and Ivatan islanders are Austronesian speakers from Orchid Island and the Batanes archipelago that are located between Taiwan and the Philippines. The paternal genealogies of the Yami tribe from 1962 monograph of Wei and Liu were compared with our dataset of non-recombining Y (NRY) chromosomes from the corresponding families. Then mitochondrial DNA polymorphism was also analyzed to determine the matrilineal relationships between Yami, Ivatan, and other East Asian populations.
ResultsThe family relationships inferred from the NRY Phylogeny suggested a low number of paternal founders and agreed with the genealogy of Wei and Liu (P <0.01). Except for one Y short tandem repeat lineage (Y-STR), seen in two unrelated Yami families, no other Y-STR lineages were shared between villages, whereas mtDNA haplotypes were indiscriminately distributed throughout Orchid Island. The genetic affinity seen between Yami and Taiwanese aborigines or between Ivatan and the Philippine people was closer than that between Yami and Ivatan, suggesting that the Orchid islanders were colonized separately by their nearest neighbors and bred in isolation. However a northward gene flow to Orchid Island from the Philippines was suspected as Yami and Ivatan peoples both speak Western Malayo-Polynesian languages which are not spoken in Taiwan. Actually, only very little gene flow was observed between Yami and Ivatan or between Yami and the Philippines as indicated by the sharing of mtDNA haplogroup B4a1a4 and one O1a1* Y-STR lineage.
ConclusionsThe NRY and mtDNA genetic information among Yami tribe peoples fitted well then patrilocal society model proposed by Wei and Liu. In this proposal, there were likely few genetic exchanges among Yami and the Philippine people. Trading activities may have contributed to the diffusion of Malayo-Polynesian languages among them. Finally, artifacts dating 4,000 YBP, found on Orchid Island and indicating association with the Out of Taiwan hypothesis might be related to a pioneering stage of settlement, as most dating estimates inferred from DNA variation in our data set ranged between 100-3,000 YBP.

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发表于 2011-2-23 00:00 | 显示全部楼层
 楼主| 发表于 2011-2-23 08:10 | 显示全部楼层
2# natsuya
发表于 2011-2-23 14:09 | 显示全部楼层
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