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蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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[26页]朝鲜半岛旧石器晚期石器工业的起源和分布以及现代人在东亚的迁徙

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发表于 2009-7-23 21:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 ranhaer 于 2009-7-23 21:58 编辑

Quaternary International (2009), doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2009.06.011

Origin and Patterns of the Upper Paleolithic Industries in the Korean Peninsula
and Movement of Modern Humans in East Asia
Kidong Bae

Abstract
Assemblages classified as ‘Upper Paleolithic’ in the Korean peninsula are diverse in
their composition, including not only some blade industries but also conventional ones continued from earlier Paleolithic periods. This has been often explained as the result of an indigenous development. However, the ‘heterogenic’ character of Upper Paleolithic industries is the result of the continuing influx of modern human populations via two different routes: 1)from Siberia and 2) from southern China. Blade technology from Siberia appeared in the Korean peninsula around 35 000 BP and coexisted with core and flake stone industries carried by modern humans from southern China and Southeast Asia throughout the Upper Paleolithic. This explanation is based on the current observation of patterns of Upper
Paleolithic industries in East Asia. Blade industries have been found only in the northern part of East Asia while none have been reported in southern China, although modern Homo evidently dispersed via two different routes from Near East. The ‘North-South Model’ of Modern Homo Migrations into the Korean peninsula is supported by a genetic analysis of the Y-chromosome of modern population in this region. Continuing influx of modern human population from both origins to the peninsula can explain the consistent presence of heterogenic appearance of Upper Paleolithic industries.

阅读:http://www.brsbox.com/filebox/do ... fa536f4a4c4aca930c0

石叶技术-细石器-非石叶.JPG
朝鲜半岛旧石器晚期遗址Upper Paleolithic sites on the Korean Peninsula.JPG
发表于 2009-7-23 22:01 | 显示全部楼层
日韩石叶即blade文化很多,而同期中国北部却非常少见,莫非这也是一条沿海路线从北向南的?
发表于 2010-5-19 14:02 | 显示全部楼层
Global distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroup C reveals the prehistoric migration routes of African exodus and early settlement in East Asia

http://konglong.5d6d.com/thread-9307-1-1.html



两篇文献再对比梳理一下,我觉得问题比较清晰了:

1)单倍体群C对应旧石器晚期的石叶石器工业人群以及中石器时代自北向南扩张的细石器文化人群,与此对应单倍群O主要代表旧石器晚期,更晚一些北上的砍砸器工业人群,以及新石器时代北上的磨制石器人群。

2)朝鲜和日本北部石叶石器工业与中国西北和内蒙古西部地区的石叶更多共性,而相对区分与蒙古和西伯利亚的情况,与北汉、朝鲜、日本共享更多C3*分支的情况吻合,暗示旧石器时代石叶人群以及对应的单倍群C有过一次分化,造成了蒙古-西伯利亚与华北-朝鲜-日本两个石叶系统。

3)石叶-细石器系统和砾石砍砸器系统虽然分野明确,但自旧石器晚期开始就的确有过交集,非南即北的一刀切是不可取的。

4)种系上,我认为蒙古人种开始形成于旧石器晚期的石叶文化区,但早期如山顶洞人还没有形成石叶工业,种系上也保持了更多类赤道甚至类克鲁马农的始祖特征,但并不影响蒙古人种特征以初露锋芒。中石器时代纯粹的细石器文化圈蒙古人种已形成,与砾石文化圈的类赤道人种形成对比,而细石器向南的延伸,形成华南地区类马来人种族群。新石器时代,他们向南迁徙,再结合一定细石器因素后,形成黄河中下游的仰韶和大汶口文化。而在长城沿线这种细石器因素更强,南北混合也就更明显,形成了最早的类远东人种族群。
发表于 2010-5-19 14:22 | 显示全部楼层
另外请版主帮忙下载一下这篇文献,山顶洞是非常重要的一环:

Zhoukoudian Upper Cave Revisited
Christopher J. Norton and
Xing Gao

Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 142 Xizhimenwai Street, Beijing 100044, China/Department of Anthropology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2424 Maile Way, Saunders Hall 346, Honolulu, HI 96822, U.S.A. (cnorton@hawaii.edu) (Norton). 21 III 08

http://www.journals.uchicago.edu ... 8637?journalCode=ca
发表于 2010-5-19 21:46 | 显示全部楼层
Hong是谁?被战胜的基因流又是谁的?东亚南人又是怎么到南韩的?渡海吗?
qjlkgong1 发表于 2009-7-24 14:58

應該是石宏(Shi Hong), 大概是Hong被誤認當作姓氏? 看它引用的資料像是來自<Y-Chromosome Evidence of Southern Origin of the East Asian–Specific Haplogroup O3-M122>。"Southern East Asia"是指東亞南部, 不只東南亞, 也包括了華南。
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