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蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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The Eighth Worldwide Conference of the Society for East Asian Archaeology

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发表于 2018-7-2 13:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The Eighth Worldwide Conference of the Society for East Asian Archaeology at Nanjing University, Nanjing, China, June 8-11, 2018.

Some interesting abstracts:

7. Shaoqing WEN, Guanghui DONG

Institution: Fudan University; Lanzhou University

Title of Presentation: The Archaic Introgression and Recent Admixture of Human Populations in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau

Abstract:
Our knowledge of the origin and population history of Tibetan highlanders is changing. According to recent studies, Tibet was a human melting pot, rather than an isolated island in their mountain fastness. However, due to lack of evidence from ancient DNA, some key questions remain unsolved. For example, how and when did these archaic sequences introgress into the Tibetan gene pool? In this study, we plan to carry out further studies on human samples with available skeletons, to explore the impact of genetic admixture on Tibetan genomic diversity. Combined with the whole-genome data of representative ancient and modern human samples in and around the Tibet Plateau, we attempt to systematically unveil the recent admixture and archaic introgression of human populations in this Plateau.

3. Chuan-chao WANG, Chao NING

Institution: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Title of Presentation: Ancient Genomic Evidence for the Deep Ancestry of Northeast Asia

Abstract:
We generated genome-wide data from 27 ancient human samples from the Amur River Basin in the Russian Far East and the Houtaomuga cemetery in northeast China dating to around 9,000 BCE to 1,000 CE. The Mesolithic Houtaomuga and Neolithic Boisman culture provides an unmixed surrogate for an ancient Northeast Asian lineage as does the sample from the Iron Age Yankovsky culture and some present-day Tungusic-speaking populations, and the paternal Y chromosome of Boisman samples belongs to C2b-F1396, which is the predominant lineage in present-day Mongolic, Tungusic, and some Turkic speaking populations, documenting a continuous presence of this type of ancestry in Northeast Asia stretching back at least 11,000 years. Some present-day Tungusic-speaking populations in China are genetically similar to Han Chinese with a proportionate ancestry relationship ranging from 13% to 50%, which occurred at least by the Early Medieval period and argues the Han expansion left a significant genetic signature in Northeast Asia.


abbr_80440c041cb33b5a3643557931788e12.pdf (707.79 KB, 下载次数: 66)

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发表于 2018-7-2 16:04 | 显示全部楼层
早就知道的拿来炒冷饭。
 楼主| 发表于 2018-7-3 20:16 | 显示全部楼层
4. Choongwon JEONG, Mark HUDSON, Martine ROBBEETS

Institution: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Title of Presentation: Genetic Footprint of the Introduction of Rice Farming into the Korean Peninsula and Japanese Archipelago

Abstract:
The appearance of the Yayoi culture in 2,300 yBP or earlier, likely from the Korean peninsula, coincides with the introduction of paddy field rice farming and metallurgy to the Japanese archipelago. A replacement of the preceding Jomon people by Yayoi provides a clear case of farming-associated demic diffusion, contributing to about 80% of the ancestry in contemporary Japanese. However, the genetic origins of Jomon and Yayoi people have not been thoroughly studied using genome-scale data.
For the genomic analysis, we collected prehistoric human remains from Korea and Japan. We are currently processing Neolithic samples from the southern shore of Korea and from Miyakojima in southern Japan, predating the Yayoi culture. By generating genome-wide data, we expect to understand the nature of prehistoric Korean and Japanese gene pools. This will provide a baseline to detect temporal changes and the spatial substructure in their gene pools.
发表于 2018-7-3 21:16 | 显示全部楼层
3# 双头鹰 可以稍稍期待一下。
发表于 2018-7-4 09:20 | 显示全部楼层
终于测朝鲜半岛和日本列岛的古人了
可惜都是弥生时代的,要是再早点就好了
估计测完也都是O1b什么的
发表于 2018-7-4 09:24 | 显示全部楼层
终于测朝鲜半岛和日本列岛的古人了
可惜都是弥生时代的,要是再早点就好了
估计测完也都是O1b什么的
大凌河 发表于 2018-7-4 09:20
不一定,肯定有O3,C3之类的
发表于 2018-7-4 09:45 | 显示全部楼层
8. Masahiro FUKUNAGA
Institution: Kyushu University
Title of Presentation:The Regional Diversity of Hunter-Gatherer Societies — From an
Analysis of the Jomon Society of the Japanese Archipelago
Abstract: This paper investigates the regional diversity of hunter-gatherer societies by
studying the Jomon societies of the Japanese archipelago as a case.
The Jomon period has attracted significant attention and interests from the researchers of
the hunter-gatherer communities across the world, because it has been recognized that the
Jomon culture developed quantitatively and qualitatively abundant and sophisticated material
culture and highly sedentary lifeways, albeit being a hunter-gatherer society. However, in the
Jomon period, which lasted more than 10,000 years, it can be assumed that various social
forms existed in different time-space settings.
The objective of this paper is to clarify the regional diversity of the Jomon societies and
the causes and mechanisms behind it. The study focuses on differences in material culture
between eastern and western Jomon societies, which are considered to be significant both
quantitatively and qualitatively and correlated with various socio-environmental factors. This
paper specifically focuses on differential modes of inter-communal interactions that can be
reconstructed between eastern and western Japan.
发表于 2018-7-4 09:46 | 显示全部楼层
7. Oki NAKAMURA
Institution: Ritsumeikan University
Title of Presentation:Rituals, Burials and Population Dynamics of the Late and Final Jomon
Period in Japan
Abstract: In this presentation, I would like to discuss the regional variability in ritual
activities and mortuary practices, as well as population dynamics among the Late and Final
Jomon period in the northern Tohoku District. Interesting results have been obtained from
quantitative analyses of stone circles and cemeteries. During the Late Jomon period, different
patterns are observed of the spatial relationships between the local community activity zone
and the stone circles. At the end of the Jomon period, it is important to distinguish among 12
small spatial units of cemeteries using GIS analysis. The frequency for which there are burial
objects of jadeite beads and red pigments in the local units differs for each region. Population
estimates using a new method will allow us to examine the relationship between population
growth and the appearance of new monuments or the increasing of complexity in burial
customs.
发表于 2018-7-4 09:53 | 显示全部楼层
Session 28: Frontiers of Early Chinese States
Organizers: Yan SUN, Chin-hau LEI
1.Tianjing DUAN
Institution: Jilin University
Title of Presentation:On the Cultural Relations in Northeastern China During the Erlitou
Culture Period (1900 - 1500 BCE)
Abstract: Seven archaeological cultures have been identified in Northeastern China during
the Erlitou Culture period: the Lower Xiajiadian, Gaotaishan, Miaohoushan, Xiaolaha,
Xingcheng, Yueshi and the Shangmashi urn burials. The author argues that the relations
among these cultures occurred at two levels. First, cultural exchanges took place between the
Lower Xiajiadian Culture in the Liaoxi region and the Erlitou Culture in the Central Plain.
Interestingly, the Erlitou cultural elements did not exist in other cultures in the northeast.
Second, close cultural connections also existed among the rest of the cultures. Originated in
Shandong peninsula, the Yueshi Culture set foot on the Liaodong peninsula and influenced
the Gaotaishan Culture. Elements of Gaoitaishan Culture were also prominent in the
Miaohoushan and Xiaolaha Culture.
发表于 2018-7-4 09:54 | 显示全部楼层
终于测朝鲜半岛和日本列岛的古人了
可惜都是弥生时代的,要是再早点就好了
估计测完也都是O1b什么的
大凌河 发表于 2018-7-4 09:20

文中说的样本是早于弥生时代的新石器时代,来自韩国南部和宫古岛。其实很有可能出现C1a1的样本。
发表于 2018-7-4 10:03 | 显示全部楼层
文中说的样本是早于弥生时代的新石器时代,来自韩国南部和宫古岛。其实很有可能出现C1a1的样本。
豢龙氏 发表于 2018-7-4 09:54


重新读了一遍,果然是你说的这样,值得期待一下,日本这么大地方,却选了一个冲绳小岛上的古人。
发表于 2018-7-4 10:05 | 显示全部楼层
不一定,肯定有O3,C3之类的
wanhuatong 发表于 2018-7-4 09:24


也不知道测多少个样本,如果测的都是女的,就没意思了。你说的几种也的确很有可能,但是冲绳岛上的,我估计还是D的可能性很大
发表于 2018-7-4 11:20 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 wanhuatong 于 2018-7-4 11:56 编辑
也不知道测多少个样本,如果测的都是女的,就没意思了。你说的几种也的确很有可能,但是冲绳岛上的,我估计还是D的可能性很大
大凌河 发表于 2018-7-4 10:05
韩国南部也有遗址,等结果吧。
发表于 2018-7-4 11:52 | 显示全部楼层
Christina WARINNER
Institution: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History

Title of Presentation:Population Migration and Dairy Pastoralism on the Bronze Age Mongolian Steppe

Abstract:  The steppe belt that extends across Eurasia was the primary corridor of Late Neolithic and Bronze Age migrations that reshaped the genetics of Europe and Asia and dispersed the Indo-European language family. Beginning in the Late Neolithic, a new and highly mobile pastoralist society formed on the Western Steppe. These steppe herders expanded both westwards, contributing to the Corded Ware culture of Eastern and Central Europe, and eastwards, contributing to the mobile pastoralist Afanasevo, Sintashta, and Andronovo cultures. The eastern extent of this Western steppe herder expansion is not well defined. Here we investigate genome-wide ancestry data obtained from 20 Late Bronze Age khirigsuur burials from Khovsgol, Mongolia and further investigate evidence for dairy pastoralism by LC-MS/MS analysis of dental calculus. Overall, we observe limited Western Steppe gene flow into Late Bronze Age Mongolia, but a robust adoption of Western domesticates and ruminant dairying.

青铜时代晚期蒙古赫列克苏尔遗存(Deer-Stone-Khirigsuur culture complex)的常染数据过去好像还没有发表过。
发表于 2018-7-4 11:53 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 cpan0256 于 2018-7-4 11:55 编辑

按已知的考古研究结果,DSK文化在大约公元前1200年开始广泛使用马,出土的当时的马骨可见骑乘和拉车造成的变化。(见附件和所引用的文献。)
Taylor_etal_SR_15_2017_pp153_155.pdf (188.78 KB, 下载次数: 20)
发表于 2018-7-6 11:35 | 显示全部楼层
想起中国的八里岗,石沉大海
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