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无限度正当防卫(转)

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发表于 2018-8-31 17:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
法学教授评龙哥案:黑恶性质不可辩驳,反抗是无限度必要的
张成敏  昨天


昆山龙哥被反杀的故事背景

就不多说了

电动车司机是不是正当防卫

网民吵翻天了

推荐苏大法学院张成敏教授的观点

三百多字,三段话层层递进,一针见血

极具说服力





【1】由于非法占用非机动车道并违章变道,引起电瓶车司机的交涉,是权利受到侵犯引起权利维护的表现,因此公安机关不能随便定性为“发生冲突”,这一起因区别于无是非的口角和斗殴;

【2】先行侵犯行为从治安违法升级到行凶犯罪,是恶意的升级,防卫人没有使用暴力对付暴力,防卫人对事态升级没有责任;

【3】特制凶器的砍杀行为不是一般暴力寻衅,其惯常备用,启用动机毅然决然,在闹市区寻衅滋事发展到恣意砍杀,侵害的不仅仅是防卫人,而是公然挑战法治社会,意图建立【黑恶规则】,行为特征具有黑恶势力性质,该项性质不可辩驳,因此也决定了防卫行为具有巨大人身风险,如果不能证明先行侵害人明确放弃报复,如果不能排除轿车人数优势(二人均有恶意,白衣男对砍杀处于随时协助状态),则必须认定防卫人基于主观恐惧,不得不追赶并以最大努力威慑先行侵害人是无限度必要的。是刑法第二十条第三款特别防卫权的行使。



张成敏:苏州大学王健法学院教授

研究方向:诉讼法学、证据学、法律逻辑学。

发布著作:出版《案史:西方经典与逻辑》、《警察言语交际学导论》等专著,《案史:西方经典与逻辑》,提出了证据学个案认识论的主要研究范畴。论文《个案与逻辑认知》,独立提出个案"事实Ⅲ"说,获得中国法学诉讼法中青年学术成果3等奖和省政府社会科学二等奖;《刑事证据与科学逻辑学》主张证据学的科学逻辑学研究,为省政府立项课题成果;《在文化冲突中的法律推理》对实质推理给予形式主义阐述,并获得中国法律逻辑专业委员会学术成果一等奖;《评逆防卫论及刑法20条反对论》系无限防卫权最新论证。

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发表于 2018-8-31 19:30 | 显示全部楼层
本来以为是个王者,后来一看是个青铜。一顿操作猛如虎,一看战绩0-5
发表于 2018-8-31 21:17 | 显示全部楼层
英雄于哥一出手,挥刀砍杀黑恶丑!
为民除害,大赞,应该重奖!
真他妈的痛快!
发表于 2018-8-31 21:52 | 显示全部楼层
高利贷,沟里带的,都该go die!
发表于 2018-9-1 07:31 | 显示全部楼层
中国法律关于‘正当防卫’的解释就是一个笑话,估计是谜教授的拿手之作,呵呵
发表于 2018-9-1 09:36 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 癯鹤 于 2018-9-1 17:42 编辑

话说“猎首”行为合不合法,也得看文化,那些有“文身、雕题、黑齿、儋耳”习俗的古老蛮族——印度的肯尼亚克人,人家曾经还有合法的无限度的正当出草权利呢(他们是不是谜教授远房的叔叔阿姨?)!

The last of the tattooed headhunters: Fascinating images of Indian tribe who mark their skin as a rite of passage


A series of stunning portraits reveal an intimate look at the last survivors of once fearsome headhunting tribe
The culture of the Konyak tribe in northeast India is unique for body beautification tattooing and headdresses
As tribe members approach old age, their ageing bodies are photographed adorned with ancient markings
By SAM LOCK FOR MAILONLINE
PUBLISHED: 16:35 BST, 31 August 2018 | UPDATED: 16:50 BST, 31 August 2018

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Fascinating photographs reveal the last of a once fearsome headhunting tribe who enjoyed a murderous heyday where severing the head of an enemy warrior was not just accepted, but treated as a rite of passage.


Now, as the last remaining members of the Konyak tribe approach old age, their unique culture has been captured in a series of stunning images.
The journey is uniquely told through the lens of a Konyak woman - the great-granddaughter of the prominent tattooed headhunter Ahon - who takes the viewer deep into the heart of Nagaland, a mountainous region in northeast India.
The photos vividly capture the tribe's body beautification process - a vanishing practice where tribe members adorn their bodies with distinctive facial and body tattoos.



In Nagaland, the body is treated as a canvas, with inscriptions marked on the skin to represent rites of passage or, for some, to mark every kill they made.

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Disappearing: A man from the Konyak tribe, which can be found in north eastern India, sports imposing facial and body tattoos which are awarded during significant rites of passage and were traditionally awarded when the head of an enemy warrior was severed


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Imposing: This man, now in his 70s, carries a spear once used by tribe members to hunt enemy warriors, where their heads were decapitated and brought back to the tribe. This was a practice that was not just accepted, but treated as a rite of passage


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Approaching old age: As most the last remaining members of the Konyak tribe are aged in their 70s, their unique culture is quickly vanishing. These men stand and proudly display their inked bodies like badges of honour


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This Konyak tribeswoman poses in front of a wall adorned with buffalo skulls. She is decorated with strings of traditional necklaces. Despite their fierce reputation and intimidating appearances, the last generation of Konyaks are now over the age of 70 and are warm and welcoming to visitors


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This Konyak man's unique headdress and arm jewelry has been made from the bones and horns of animals he slaughtered. The practice of wearing the bones or skulls from a successful hunt is said to capture the slain's spirit and represent the captor's courage and bravery


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Warrior pose: A man stands with weapons once used for chopping off enemy tribe's heads with what appears to be the rings of buffalo horns woven to his head. In the tribe's murderous heyday, each village had a skull house and every man in the village was expected to contribute to it with the heads of their opposing tribes


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Through the generations: An elderly warrior stands outside the doorway of a traditional living hut, holding the hand of his grandson. He wears a traditional necklace and holds a spear while his grandson is dressed in modern, manufactured clothing


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Two Konyak women pose inside their homes where hunting tools can be seen hanging on the wall (left). The tribeswomen are still very traditional in their ways, using buffalo to haul logs from the forest and boiling hot water for tea in green bamboo by open fires. These women have only a few fading arm and shoulder tattoos


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These women proudly hold two sharp three-pronged spears used by their tribe members to hunt and kill prey. They are beautifully decorated with layers of beaded necklaces and colourful shawls


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Covered in horns: One of the headhunters poses with massive horns draped around his dody and pierced through his earlobes. His inked patterns on his back indicate his brutal past where each kill was rewarded with a fresh bit of ink


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These men show off their stunning headdresses which were once decorated with the decapitated heads of enemy villagers. The Konyak were infamous for marauding the villages of other tribes, collecting heads, feet, and hands as trophies and hanging them on the biggest tree in their village


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Wood carvings of native animals such as crocodile, lions and buffalo are engraved into a wall where large brass and copper cymbals hang on the walls of this man's house. He wears a thick fur coat to keep warm during the harsher colder months


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Two heavily-tattooed men stand in the doorway of a traditional living hut, holding wooden walking frames to steady themselves. Their tattoos are part of an intricate body beautiful process in which the body is understood as a canvas for art, with inscriptions marked on the skin as a form of rite of passage and cycle of life


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This tribeswoman continues to honour the unique but vanishing practice of body tattooing and piercing. The gaping holes in her earlobes indicate many years of wearing heavy jewelry


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Deep in concentration: A tribeswoman holds a sharp needle to mark ink into into the skin. The different tattoo patterns represent different meanings and traditions, and can reflect folktales, songs, poems and sayings


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Thick with ink: This man's face is almost entirely black with ink. It is a indication that this man is a prominent member f the tribe and has made many kills.  Each set of tattoos recognises a warrior's prowess as a headhunter


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Close up: These men show off their heavily faded tattoos which is an essential and celebrated part of the Konyak culture. Despite dramatic changes in modern living, elderly tribes people continue to show immense pride in their culture


发表于 2018-9-1 12:50 | 显示全部楼层
支持电瓶男,不能因为纹身哥死了就无条件同情

否则以后遇到泼皮无赖恶意伤害甚至劫财劫色谁也不敢反抗,只有跑路,老弱妇孺跑不动就只能听天由命任其宰割
发表于 2018-9-1 16:31 | 显示全部楼层
从这件事上更多的感觉就是一些人遥控舆论,随意引导老百姓的观点。
发表于 2018-9-1 18:51 | 显示全部楼层
本来以为是个王者,后来一看是个青铜。一顿操作猛如虎,一看战绩0-5
剪径者 发表于 2018-8-31 19:30
看视频画面,体型高大在这种近身搏斗上很有优势,电瓶哥重心很稳啊,游刃有余....
发表于 2018-9-1 21:57 | 显示全部楼层
本来以为是个王者,后来一看是个青铜。一顿操作猛如虎,一看战绩0-5
剪径者 发表于 2018-8-31 19:30


0-5可以是献祭流,本例不适用
发表于 2018-9-1 22:54 | 显示全部楼层
看视频画面,体型高大在这种近身搏斗上很有优势,电瓶哥重心很稳啊,游刃有余....
zzzz 发表于 2018-9-1 18:51


看回播,先是有个黑衣女人推了电车男到行人道,再有“龙哥”拿刀冲出来砍电车男。 电车男被砍中几刀都没事,反而“龙哥”自己摔倒了。 电车男捡起刀,怼了“龙哥”两刀,“龙哥”带伤也跑得飞快。

片中有颇多可疑之处。路人似乎都不怕刀砍,大大咧咧走过。那轿车也不是宝马(像的士)。
发表于 2018-9-1 23:06 | 显示全部楼层
那些有“文身、雕题、黑齿、儋耳”习俗的古老蛮族 癯鹤 发表于 2018-9-1 09:36


纹身常见于南蛮,以及太平洋彼岸的某些美洲部族。

古代中国,尤其在京城,纹身者都是 罪犯、吃大茶饭、捞偏门 的狠人。唐代长安,最好的纹身技术从西南方向蛮夷传来。

《素问》称南蛮“善九针”。针灸与纹身,应该有渊源。
发表于 2018-9-1 23:14 | 显示全部楼层
纹身要用针和染料,上色技巧很难掌握。   古代匈奴等北族,族长死了,族人用刀割脸,这种不算纹身。

至于吃生鱼肉,北族一般甚少吃鱼,仅东北亚沿海的“鱼皮鞑子”吃。显然是南太平洋黑潮带来的影响。
发表于 2018-9-1 23:22 | 显示全部楼层
纹身要用针和染料,上色技巧很难掌握。   古代匈奴等北族,族长死了,族人用刀割脸,这种不算纹身。

至于吃生鱼肉,北族一般甚少吃鱼,仅东北亚沿海的“鱼皮鞑子”吃。显然是南太平洋黑潮带来的影响。
Vietschlinger 发表于 2018-9-1 23:14
南西伯利亚干尸好像有纹身的。爱斯基摩人、科里亚克人等北极沿海居民肯定都吃生鱼肉的。
发表于 2018-9-1 23:38 | 显示全部楼层
缅北山区,我更看好是黄种人老巢。 就以Konyak部族生活的 那加兰 为例,北纬25、海拔1000,气候凉爽,夏天十几二十度,冬天零到十度,年降雨1800毫米,像欧洲阿尔卑斯山区的气候。
发表于 2018-9-2 00:13 | 显示全部楼层
  南西伯利亚干尸好像有纹身的。
爱斯基摩人、科里亚克人等北极沿海居民肯定都吃生鱼肉的。
癯鹤 发表于 2018-9-1 23:22


阿尔泰山区Pazyryk干尸,是伊朗白人,其文化受希腊影响。干尸身上的鹿图腾,未知是用笔描还是刺青 (罗马尼亚 Oase-1 干尸也类似情况)。   如用笔,就肯定不算纹身。

Pazyryk贵族干尸身上披的绸缎材质,不是东亚的桑蚕丝,而是南亚(阿萨姆) 当地特有蚕种吐的丝,专门吃 桫椤、阎浮 等树叶,丝质较粗硬,织成品叫tussah。




楚科奇半岛,接近北纬70,冬季夜间温度才零下二十度,这显然是黑潮的功劳。  有另一支南太平洋暖流,甚至湧向阿拉斯加,使阿拉斯加沿海(Tlingit)出现新西兰毛利人特有的图腾柱。
发表于 2018-9-2 00:36 | 显示全部楼层
内满洲一带,是所谓“干冻”,风速和降雪其实不算强,所以就算零下三十几度,体感热量散失也不算严重。 而且东北亚每年起码有三个月气温能上30度。

中国的降雪记录,是西南边陲邻近印度的 聂拉木,年均降雪一两米,还雨夹雪。 哈尔滨等地,年均降雪不足10厘米。

中国体感最严寒的地方, 我认为是藏南林芝,年降雪一米以上,夏季正午才十一二度,秋季没过完就跌破零下三十度,冬春两季几乎每天都狂风怒吼。 无论是绝对值温度,还是 体感热量散失 (风寒+湿寒) ,藏南必需排第一。
发表于 2018-9-2 00:49 | 显示全部楼层
与人们想象的相反,藏北及青海,并不算严寒,冬夜才零下7~10度。但藏北青海缺淡水 (再向北的 塔里木、戈壁 更缺水)。
发表于 2018-9-12 16:58 | 显示全部楼层
呵呵呵!!!九龙治水,五岳独尊。威武海心,济世救民!群阴慑服,日月丽天。圣人有道,尚黑招安!山东龙卷风,扫黑又除恶!若再加俩女,十个梁山泊!平度不平火三千,平邑不平祸三千。卖家卖地纳身奴,违和护航亚丁湾!

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发表于 2018-9-14 08:32 | 显示全部楼层
亲不亲,皆积分!看对龙哥与对东哥的不同偏颇,就可知道尚黑玩的这一套,绝对是上下其手!
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