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蓝海人类学在线 Ryan WEI's Forum of Anthropology

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新石器時代 蒙古國2個遺骸的父系和母系分析

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发表于 2018-9-9 13:08 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 Anthro 于 2018-9-9 13:09 编辑

Molecular evidences of paleogeographical ancestry of neolithic proto-mongolians and their craniofacial reconstruction

Abstract

To give thumbnail sketch of genetic lineage, physical appearance and dietary life of Neolithic proto-Mongolians, two individuals excavated in Dunguljin, Dornod, Eastern Mongolia and Shatar chuluu, Bayankhongor, Western Mongolia were examined for haplotypes/haplogroups of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y chromosome, craniofacial features and carbon/nitrogen stable isotopic signatures. Physical anthropological analysis revealed that Eastern and Western individuals were Mongoloid and Caucasoid, respectively, and were all males by amelogenin-based sex determination. Eastern individual belonged to mtDNA haplogroup D4e5b and Y haplogroup C2 whereas Western individual was affiliated to mtDNA haplogroup N1a1a1a and Y haplogroup R1b, indicating that Eastern and Western individuals had Mongoloid and Caucasoid origins given their patrilineal and matrilineal lineages. In addition, HIrisplex estimation for alleles of pigment-associated SNP markers showed that both individuals had brown eyes, black hair and light brown skin. Interestingly, combining results of HIrisplex estimations and computerized 3D modelling based craniofacial reconstruction, Western proto-Mongolian revealed mixed physical appearance between Mongoloid and Caucasoid, although his patrilineal and matrilineal origins were all Caucasoid. His brown eyes and black hair may imply that alleles of genes determining eye and hair colors were not mutated to reveal light-colored eyes and hair in Neolithic proto-Mongolians. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotopic values of bone collagen were -16.6‰ and 12.8‰ in Eastern Mongoloid and -18.6‰ and 11.3‰ in Western Caucasoid, respectively. This may indicate that the staple diets of Neolithic proto-Mongolians consisted of C3/C4 mixed plant foods with small proportion of C4, mainly millet, and high amount of meat sources, presumably including freshwater fishes. This investigation clearly indicates that Eastern and Western parts of the Mongolian Plateau were occupied by individuals with Mongoloid and Caucasoid genetic lineages, respectively, but were not mixed in their genetic makeups. However, difference of their physical appearance was not so apparent compared to that in modern Asian and European.

Open Access http://www.riss.kr/link?id=T14428880

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发表于 2018-9-9 13:25 | 显示全部楼层
又是中央大学的啊!看来在此领域很活跃啊!
发表于 2018-9-9 13:29 | 显示全部楼层
一个本坛众多名嘴咬定的野鸡造假大学,又出paper了。
发表于 2018-9-9 13:34 | 显示全部楼层
说是新石器时代,西部个体的测年是大概5000bp,这个很可能与阿凡纳谢沃文化的人群有关。
发表于 2018-9-9 13:39 | 显示全部楼层
东蒙的那个,一开始以为是个女滋,后来一测才发现是个爷们儿
 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-9 13:40 | 显示全部楼层
1.jpg
2.jpg

3.jpg

4.jpg
发表于 2018-9-9 13:49 | 显示全部楼层
一个本坛众多名嘴咬定的野鸡造假大学,又出paper了。
Yungsiyebu 发表于 2018-9-9 13:29

永大师,不要激动。硕士学位论文,这个东西还真不能拿来证明这学校不是野鸡大学。
发表于 2018-9-9 14:16 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 lindberg 于 2018-9-10 15:37 编辑

查了一下韩国大学的排名,该学校确实传统强项是戏剧影视艺术,在韩国这方面实力前二;

从综合排名来讲,各种国际排名进步还是明显的,在韩国学校里基本8~12左右的位置,韩国自己的排名也大概是这样;

中央大学是私立大学,资金来源还是不错的(这对研究很重要);

韩国和台湾一样,大学太多,生源不足,很多大学未来几年都会关闭(私立尤其)。
发表于 2018-9-9 15:03 | 显示全部楼层
这回有出土地址了,C2,R1b,新石器时期,蒙古高原O为主的推测还是要谨慎啊
 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-9 16:57 | 显示全部楼层
東部遺骸 MN0132是可能是属于 C2b-F1756(DYS448=0)

Choibalsan, Dornod 蒙古國遺骸 MN0132 C-RPS4Y711+ Shin 2017
新疆 伊犁 察布査爾 錫伯族 HGDP01244 Human Genome Diversity Project

19 389 390 391 392 393 385 438 439 437 448 456 458 635 H4

15 13 29 24 10 11 13 12,14 11 12 14 0 17 16 20 11
15 13 30 24 10 11 13 12,14 11 12 14 0 16 16 21 11
发表于 2018-9-9 17:04 | 显示全部楼层
我记得这个消息之前就有坛友透露出了
发表于 2018-9-9 18:47 | 显示全部楼层
11# wanhuatong


对,那位En***什么的说的。
发表于 2018-9-9 20:39 | 显示全部楼层
6# Anthro
I wonder which individual does this facial reconstruction belong to? The one with C2 or the one with R1b?
发表于 2018-9-9 20:42 | 显示全部楼层
最近检测到的C2证实了我关于C2北方起源,早期主要分布在东蒙,我国东北,和俄远东一带的看法。
 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-9 21:13 | 显示全部楼层
13# MNOPS It is craniofacial reconstruction of an individual with R1b.
发表于 2018-9-9 22:42 | 显示全部楼层
13# MNOPS It is craniofacial reconstruction of an individual with R1b.
Anthro 发表于 2018-9-9 21:13
黑头发黑眼睛的R1b,随葬的野猪牙可能是饰物。东部的C2似乎很尚武(根据随葬品)。这帮人就是匈奴的前身吧?
发表于 2018-9-10 03:01 | 显示全部楼层
最近检测到的C2证实了我关于C2北方起源,早期主要分布在东蒙,我国东北,和俄远东一带的看法。
MNOPS 发表于 2018-9-9 20:42
你不說,我都不知道呢,太震驚了,今天才知道C2起源於北方
发表于 2018-9-10 09:10 | 显示全部楼层
15# Anthro
He looks somewhat like South Chinese. It's interesting, cause I feel like Northern Mongoloid + Caucasoid can sometimes result in a pseudo South Chinese or SE Asian appearance.
发表于 2018-9-10 10:28 | 显示全部楼层
最近检测到的C2证实了我关于C2北方起源,早期主要分布在东蒙,我国东北,和俄远东一带的看法。
MNOPS 发表于 2018-9-9 20:42


用5千岁的C-F1756证明3万岁的C-M217并不妥当。
发表于 2018-9-10 10:57 | 显示全部楼层
19# 一统浆糊
北线至少有五千年前的C2,而且更早的波伊斯曼遗址也检测出了C2。

南线连五千年前的C2都没有,就更别提更早的了。
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