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西日本土井浜弥生时代头骨的mtDNA与现代日本人、北九州弥生人和古代中国人的比较

Journal of Human Genetics (2009), 1–8

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of Yayoi period human skeletal remains from the Doigahama site
Kazunari Igawa1, Yoshitaka Manabe1, Joichi Oyamada1, Yoshikazu Kitagawa1, Katsutomo Kato2,
Kazuya Ikematsu3, Ichiro Nakasono3, Takayuki Matsushita4 and Atsushi Rokutanda1

We analyzed the mitochondrial DNA extracted from 14 human skeletal remains from the Doigahama site in Japan to clarify the genetic structure of the Doigahama Yayoi population and the relationship between burial style and kinship among individuals. The sequence types obtained in this study were compared with those of the modern Japanese, northern Kyushu Yayoi and ancient Chinese populations. We found that the northern Kyushu Yayoi populations belonged to the groups that include most of the modern Japanese population. In contrast, most of the Doigahama Yayoi population belonged to the group that includes a small number of the modern Japanese population. These results suggest that the Doigahama Yayoi population might have contributed less to the formation of the modern Japanese population than the northern Kyushu Yayoi populations. Moreover, when we examined the kinship between individuals in the Doigahama site, we found that the vicinal burial of adult skeletons indicated a maternal kinship, although that of juvenile skeletons did not. The vicinal burial style might have been influenced by many factors, such as paternal lineages, periods and geographical regions, as well as maternal lineages. In addition, skeletons considered to be those of shamans or leaders had the same sequence types. Their crucial social roles may have been
inherited through maternal lineage.

Keywords: Doigahama site; kinship analysis; mitochondrial DNA; phylogenetic network; vicinal burial; Yayoi period

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参考阅读:日本人群的种族起源和演化
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大致结论是:,土井浜弥生人对现代日本人的贡献比北九州弥生人的要少,此外相邻的成人遗骸有有母系联系,但幼年遗骸没有。
土井浜弥生人mtDNA HVI序列与其他人群的系统发育树.jpg
当时明月在,曾照彩云归
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