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塞爾維亞的吉卜賽人Y染色體

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

Volume 144, Issue 1, pages 80–91, January 2011

Divergent patrilineal signals in three Roma populations†

   1. Maria Regueiro1,
   2. Aleksandar Stanojevic2,
   3. Shilpa Chennakrishnaiah1,
   4. Luis Rivera1,
   5. Tatjana Varljen2,
   6. Djordje Alempijevic2,
   7. Oliver Stojkovic2,
   8. Tanya Simms1,3,
   9. Tenzin Gayden1,3,
  10. Rene J. Herrera1,*

Article first published online: 27 SEP 2010

DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21372

Keywords:

    * Y-chromosome;
    * Romani;
    * Indian;
    * phylogenetic analyses;
    * Y-SNP;
    * Y-STR

Abstract

Previous studies have revealed that the European Roma share close genetic, linguistic and cultural similarities with Indian populations despite their disparate geographical locations and divergent demographic histories. In this study, we report for the first time Y-chromosome distributions in three Roma collections residing in Belgrade, Vojvodina and Kosovo. Eighty-eight Y-chromosomes were typed for 14 SNPs and 17 STRs. The data were subsequently utilized for phylogenetic comparisons to pertinent reference collections available from the literature. Our results illustrate that the most notable difference among the three Roma populations is in their opposing distributions of haplogroups H and E. Although the Kosovo and Belgrade samples exhibit elevated levels of the Indian-specific haplogroup H-M69, the Vojvodina collection is characterized almost exclusively by haplogroup E-M35 derivatives, most likely the result of subsequent admixture events with surrounding European populations. Overall, the available data from Romani groups points to different levels of gene flow from local populations.

Am J Phys Anthropol, 2010

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