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【文献】西伯利亚和中亚东部的早期高加索移民颅骨证据

CRANIOMETRIC EVIDENCE OF THE EARLY CAUCASOID MIGRATIONS TO SIBERIA AND EASTERN CENTRAL ASIA, WITH REFERENCE TO THE INDO-EUROPEAN PROBLEM*

摘要

Measurements of 220 male Neolithic and Bronze Age cranial series from Eurasia were subjected to multivariate statistical analysis. The results support the idea that people associated with the Catacomb culture played a major role in the origin of the Afanasyev culture. Okunev people of the Minusinsk Basin, those associated with Karakol, Ust- Tartas, and Krotovo cultures, and those buried in the Andronov-type cemeteries at Cherno-ozerye and Yelovka were of predominantly local Siberian origin. The Samus series resembles that from Poltavka burials. The Okunev people of Tuva and probably Yelunino people were likely descendants of the Pit Grave (Yamnaya) and early Catacomb populations of the Ukraine. The same is true of the Alakul people of western Kazakhstan, who in addition, have numerous af􀂿 nities amongst Neolithic and Early Bronze Age groups of Central and Western Europe. The probable ancestors of certain Fedorov populations were the Afanasyev tribes of the Altai, whereas other Fedorov groups apparently descended from late Pit Grave and Catacomb tribes of the Northern Caucasus and the northwestern Caspian. People of Gumugou are closest to Fedorov groups of northeastern Kazakhstan and Rudny Altai, suggesting that Caucasoids migrated to Xinjiang from the north rather than from the west. Describing the gracile Caucasoids of Siberia and Eastern Central Asia as “Mediterraneans” is misleading since they display virtually no craniometric ties with the Near Eastern, Southwestern Central Asian or Transcaucasian groups. The totality of evidence suggests that they were Nordics.

基本上是描述性的,未见数据。

abbr_48a5264666a4b25daadc6b987b39ca05.pdf (297.8 KB)

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评分次数

:-)
最近大家都挖老坑,正好搜出这篇文章,本坛坛主也发过:
http://www.ranhaer.org/viewthread.php?tid=28189&extra=&highlight=%CE%F7%B2%AE%C0%FB%D1%C7&page=1


这篇没人回,我就填一点

本文的样本没有标记年代是一个遗憾:

(1)阿凡纳谢沃文化是来自黑海里海地区多波次的迁徙造成的(结论和我一段时间学习得出的结论是相似的),
(2)阿凡那谢沃以后,这种来自黑海-里海地区的迁徙应该是减弱了(本地人群的文化占了优势),而在安德罗诺沃兴起以后又开始了(没有辛塔斯塔组,说是颅骨缺乏?只有阿拉库尔和费德罗沃组)
(3)从米努新斯克盆地奥库涅夫遗存来看,本地土著的种族类型很古老,不是混血类型,估计近似美洲印第安人,其他几个和奥文化并存的文化类似的土著成分也很浓重
(4)我很关注的厄鲁尼诺文化的头骨没有什么东地中海特征(比较的样本不好吧,拿南高加索的比较,觉得应该找里海南岸的)
(5)费德罗沃组,原始欧洲人种成分又明显的出现了,都青铜晚期了,不知从哪个旮旯跳出来的?
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