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古DNA研究揭示当代希腊人的神话祖先

本帖最后由 SNPEC 于 2017-8-6 23:27 编辑

在《荷马史诗》中,诞生了无数英雄的迈锡尼文明曾被认为是虚构的神话。19世纪起,随着迈锡尼古城等遗址相继被发现,人们才相信这一文明“确有其事”。而最新的基因研究则进一步证明:当代希腊人正是这一神话般古代族群的后裔。在本期《自然》杂志中,来自哈佛大学、华盛顿大学等多家研究机构的团队发表了对当代希腊人、古代迈锡尼人、米诺斯人等群体的DNA检测结果。他们认为,当代希腊人的绝大部分DNA继承自古迈锡尼人,而另有少部分基因来自于外来移民。众所周知,希腊地处欧亚十字路口,人口流动频繁,且多次为外族统治。其基因与血缘传承在数千年间依然保持着较高稳定性,这一结果出乎学者们的意料。

文章来自:http://www.nature.com/nature/jou ... oxtrotcallback=true;图片来自:
本帖最后由 lindberg 于 2017-8-7 10:01 编辑

这篇好像发过。
http://ranhaer.com/thread-35695-1-1.html
最好捎带手分析一下希腊爱琴海对岸的邻居,小亚细亚和安纳托利亚的居民。
传说中的F3530+
据说和唐寅(唐伯虎)同族
这篇好像发过。
http://ranhaer.com/thread-35695-1-1.html
lindberg 发表于 2017-8-7 08:26
Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans

Iosif Lazaridis, Alissa Mittnik, Nick Patterson, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Saskia Pfrengle, Anja Furtwängler, Alexander Peltzer, Cosimo Posth, Andonis Vasilakis, P. J. P. McGeorge, Eleni Konsolaki-Yannopoulou, George Korres, Holley Martlew, Manolis Michalodimitrakis, Mehmet Özsait, Nesrin Özsait, Anastasia Papathanasiou, Michael Richards, Songül Alpaslan Roodenberg, Yannis Tzedakis, Robert Arnott, Daniel M. Fernandes, Jeffery R. Hughey, Dimitra M. Lotakis, Patrick A. Navas, Yannis Maniatis, John A. Stamatoyannopoulos, Kristin Stewardson, Philipp Stockhammer, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich, Johannes Krause & George Stamatoyannopoulos

Nature
(2017)
doi:10.1038/nature23310

Received 21 December 2016
Accepted 25 June 2017
Published online 02 August 2017

The origins of the Bronze Age Minoan and Mycenaean cultures have puzzled archaeologists for more than a century. We have assembled genome-wide data from 19 ancient individuals, including Minoans from Crete, Mycenaeans from mainland Greece, and their eastern neighbours from southwestern Anatolia.
Here we show that Minoans and Mycenaeans were genetically similar, having at least three-quarters of their ancestry from the first Neolithic farmers of western Anatolia and the Aegean1, 2, and most of the remainder from ancient populations related to those of the Caucasus3 and Iran4, 5.
However, the Mycenaeans differed from Minoans in deriving additional ancestry from an ultimate source related to the hunter–gatherers of eastern Europe and Siberia6, 7, 8, introduced via a proximal source related to the inhabitants of either the Eurasian steppe1, 6, 9 or Armenia4, 9.(或者二者兼而有之?)
Modern Greeks resemble the Mycenaeans, but with some additional dilution of the Early Neolithic ancestry. Our results support the idea of continuity but not isolation in the history of populations of the Aegean, before and after the time of its earliest civilizations.

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature23310.html?foxtrotcallback=true


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总的来说,这是一篇再一次令小云老师欲哭无泪的力作,呵呵~
物格而后知至,知至而后意诚,意诚而后心正,心正而后身修,身修而后家齐,家齐而后国治,国治而后天下平...
17例古希腊古人的DNA数据,希腊地区与小亚细亚的都有~

物格而后知至,知至而后意诚,意诚而后心正,心正而后身修,身修而后家齐,家齐而后国治,国治而后天下平...
从y-DNA来看,比较符合我之前对“古希腊人”逐渐印欧化的判断。表中数据再次提示希腊过往的地中海土著,在新的逐渐印欧化的“希腊民族”(以迈锡尼人为代表)中依然占据非常重要的地位(起码从表中数据提示应该是王族或贵族),而后期分阶段加入的印欧人估计是从亚洲方向(伊朗与亚美尼亚)以及巴尔干两个方向分阶段涌入,尽管在当时他们的y已经是非常混杂了。
物格而后知至,知至而后意诚,意诚而后心正,心正而后身修,身修而后家齐,家齐而后国治,国治而后天下平...
没有全文啊。很贵的样子,迈锡尼只看到1例Y啊
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