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吉大: 井沟子、岗嘎墓地和陈武沟墓地的古DNA: C2b-F3918(448del)

Journal of Human Genetics (2017)  doi:10.1038/s10038-017-0357-z

The Y-chromosome haplogroup C3*-F3918, likely attributed to the Mongol Empire, can be traced to a 2500-year-old nomadic group

Ye Zhang, Xiyan Wu, Jiawei Li, Hongjie Li, Yongbin Zhao & Hui Zhou

Abstract

The Mongol Empire had a significant role in shaping the landscape of modern populations. Many populations living in Eurasia may have been the product of population mixture between ancient Mongolians and natives following the expansion of Mongol Empire. Geneticists have found that most of these populations carried the Y-haplogroup C3* (C-M217). To trace the history of haplogroup (Hg) C3* and to further understand the origin and development of Mongolians, ancient human remains from the Jinggouzi, Chenwugou and Gangga archaeological sites, which belonged to the Donghu, Xianbei and Shiwei, respectively, were analysed. Our results show that nine of the eleven males of the Gangga site, two of the eight males of Chengwugou site and all of the twelve males of Jinggouzi site were found to have mutations at M130 (Hg C), M217 (Hg C3), L1373 (C2b, ISOGG2015), with the absence of mutations at M93 (Hg C3a), P39 (Hg C3b), M48 (Hg C3c), M407 (Hg C3d) and P62 (Hg C3f). These samples were attributed to the Y-chromosome Hg C3* (Hg C2b, ISOGG2015), and most of them were further typed as Hg C2b1a based on the mutation at F3918. Finally, we inferred that the Y-chromosome Hg C3*-F3918 can trace its origins to the Donghu ancient nomadic group.


https://www.nature.com/articles/s10038-017-0357-z
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谁能下到原文?里面提到是测了岗嘎、井沟子和陈武沟三个遗址的样本,陈武沟测试到是第一次听说。
本帖最后由 双头鹰 于 2017-12-6 22:43 编辑

岗嘎墓地位于呼伦贝尔市陈巴尔虎旗境内,结合独木棺葬具与曲肢葬式推算,岗嘎墓地属唐五代时期室韦文化遗存。是呼伦贝尔草原迄今所知规模最大的古墓群。
陈武沟鲜卑墓葬群位于乌兰察布盟化德县东部。
井沟子墓群位于内蒙古自治区林西县双井店乡敖包吐村井沟子自然村北约 400m 处,其年代初步判断为春秋晚期至战国早期前后
M93 (Hg C3a), P39 (Hg C3b), M48 (Hg C3c), M407 (Hg C3d) and P62 (Hg C3f).


啥年代了,还用这些位点?
极品猥琐凤凰眼镜生物党棍左棍五毛愤青爱国
eight代 poor农 root正 shoot
原文………………

The-Y-chromosome-haplogroup-C3-F3918-likely-attrib.7z (779.78 KB)

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国内历史学界主流论点认为蒙古源于东胡鲜卑室韦的论点,越来越人类学的新发现。
新技术方案尝试:低覆盖全基因组,最低成本深度解析父系源流,略有成效,大家一起摸索。微博@基因人王冰 QQ群:387100816。
作出一个预测,先不发。
极品猥琐凤凰眼镜生物党棍左棍五毛愤青爱国
eight代 poor农 root正 shoot
补充一下,最早的额金河C组,也就是鲜卑时代组,也是清一色的dys448del。这个簇在2000年前的扩张,与1000年前star cluster有一拼。但草原的剧烈变迁,一样没留下太深的痕迹。
新技术方案尝试:低覆盖全基因组,最低成本深度解析父系源流,略有成效,大家一起摸索。微博@基因人王冰 QQ群:387100816。
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