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DNA profiling of Hungarian King Béla III

Judit Olasz, Verena Seidenberg, Susanne Hummel, Zoltán Szentirmay, György Szabados, Béla Melegh, Miklós Kásler

Abstract

A few decades after the collapse of the Avar Khaganate (c. 822 AD), Hungarian invaders conquered the Carpathian Basin (c. 862–895 AD). The first Hungarian ruling dynasty, the Árpáds played an important role in European history during the Middle Ages. King Béla III (1172–1196) was one of the most significant rulers of the dynasty. He also consolidated Hungarian dominance over the Northern Balkans. The provostry church of the Virgin Mary (commonly known as the Royal Basilica of Székesfehérvár) played a prominent role as a coronation church and burial place of medieval Hungarian kings. The basilica’s building and graves had been destroyed over the centuries. The only royal graves that remained intact were those of King Béla III and his first spouse, Anna of Antioch. These graves were discovered in 1848. We defined the autosomal STR (short tandem repeat) fingerprints of the royal couple and eight additional individuals (two females and six males) found in the Royal Basilica. These results revealed no evidence of first-degree relationship between any of the investigated individuals. Y-chromosomal STR profiles were also established for all the male skeletons. Based upon the Y-chromosomal data, one male skeleton showed an obvious patrilineal relationship to King Béla III. A database search uncovered an existing Y-chromosomal haplotype, which had a single-repeat difference compared to that of King Béla. It was discovered in a person living in an area close to Hungary. This current male line is probably related paternally to the Árpád Dynasty. The control region of the mitochondrial DNA was determined in the royal couple and in the remains of the inferred relative. The mitochondrial results excluded sibling relationship between the King and the patrilineal relative. In summary, we successfully defined a Y-chromosomal profile of King Béla III, which can serve as a reference for the identification of further remains and disputed living descendants of the Árpád Dynasty. Among the examined skeletons, we discovered an Árpád member, whose exact affiliation, however, has not yet been established.

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12520-018-0609-7
三界无安,犹如火宅。众苦充满,甚可怖畏
                            --------《法华经》
是以法从心生。名因法立
                      ------------《宗镜录》
没空细读。谁总结一下。估计又双叒叕是绿帽满天飞。
极品猥琐凤凰眼镜生物党棍左棍五毛愤青爱国
eight代 poor农 root正 shoot
Y-STR analysis revealed a perfect match between Béla III and II/52 (Table 3, Fig. 1). All other male persons showed no patrilineal kinship with the King or with each other.  
  
Bela III: R1a
II/52: R1a
I/3G: J1
I/4H: R1b
II/53: E1b1
II/54: R1a
II/55: R1b
看到一个疑似希特勒家族的高祖跻身其中~
物格而后知至,知至而后意诚,意诚而后心正,心正而后身修,身修而后家齐,家齐而后国治,国治而后天下平...
看到一个疑似希特勒家族的高祖跻身其中~
imvivi001 发表于 2018-2-15 15:35
老哥岂敢做陈独秀?
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