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A genetic contribution from the Far East into Ashkenazi Jews

A genetic contribution from the Far East into Ashkenazi Jews via the ancient Silk Road

Abstract

Contemporary Jews retain a genetic imprint from their Near Eastern ancestry, but obtained substantial genetic components from their neighboring populations during their history. Whether they received any genetic contribution from the Far East remains unknown, but frequent communication with the Chinese has been observed since the Silk Road period. To address this issue, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation from 55,595 Eurasians are analyzed. The existence of some eastern Eurasian haplotypes in eastern Ashkenazi Jews supports an East Asian genetic contribution, likely from Chinese. Further evidence indicates that this connection can be attributed to a gene flow event that occurred less than 1.4 kilo-years ago (kya), which falls within the time frame of the Silk Road scenario and fits well with historical records and archaeological discoveries. This observed genetic contribution from Chinese to Ashkenazi Jews demonstrates that the historical exchange between Ashkenazim and the Far East was not confined to the cultural sphere but also extended to an exchange of genes.

Open Access

http://www.nature.com/srep/2015/150211/srep08377/full/srep08377.html
高变I区匹配结果:蒙古、哈萨克、藏族以及各地汉族样本,以及秦始皇陵劳工组样本,II区数据看,看似与哈萨克样本较近。

IDBackgroudHalpogroupsubgroupHVR1HVR2
Mg21MongolN9N9a129 223 257 26173 150 195 263 315+C
Kaz44KazakhN9N9a129 223 257 26173 150 263 309+C  315+C
(03A)0049HakaN9N9a129 223 257 261150 209 294 309+C  315+C
(03A)0070HakaN9N9a129 223 257 261150 309+C 315+C
(03A)0073HakaN9N9a129 223 257 261150 309+CC  315+C
(03B)0084chaoshanN9N9a129 223 257 261150 309+CC  315+C
STE31zhengzhouN9N9a129  223 257 261 
S_Tib09Tibet Liangshan SichuanN9N9a129 223 257 26173 150 263 309+C  315+C
STE        31Han, Henan AnyangN9N9a129 223 257 261 
M43Ancient QinN9N9a129 223 257 261 
472Jews RussiaN9N9a129 223 257 26173 146 150 263
75916Jews BelarusN9N9a129 223 257 26173 146 150 263  309.1C 309.2C 315.1C
110612Jews BelarusN9N9a129 223 257 26173 146 150 263  309.1C 309.2C 315.1C
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