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Atlantis Heritages from Chinese New Point of View

龙华起信论(英文)
Atlantis Heritages from Chinese New Points of View


A poor Chinese, Jansen Yao , has analyzed some important complicated and confusing problems of the origin of the world’s civilization in various directions such as anthropology, history and archaeology etc.. He thinks the story of Atlantis talked by Greek philosopher Plato in his Dialogues is quite true, and the civilization of Atlantis is the irradiator of ours today. Myths, legends and folkways, together with the messages behind languages and cultures, which are old, broad and deep, like cryptogram of alien books, are the valuable materials for later generations to trace the history, the significance of these knowledge is as important as gene research. “六书” (Liu-Shu, six methods of Chinese characters’ formations) is really like multimedia recording. Chinese characters construct a great information-recording symbol system, for pronunciations, or appearances, or meanings, or for the whole. Chinese language and its documents are elements of the great storehouse which reserved old messages of world’s civilization, and are the common treasure of humankind. The author holds up innovating viewpoints, and thinks the refugees of submerged Atlantis, were not only the immigrants came to Europe and Middle-East, but also came to East Asia through America, Bering Strait and Northeast Asia too, and these people were known as “夷狄” (Yi-Di, or I-ti), they were the main tutors of the world’s civilization, their cultural heritages were great. To find the truth through multi-evidences of the languages, writings, myths, legends, customs, habituations, complete with archaeological findings and genetics researches etc., calls for a comprehensive study of all these subjects.
Though the keys to the point are languages and Chinese characters, which are as objective as natural phenomena, and the antique documents, which are abundant and mostly reliable, there are some universal things which can be understand by all nations.
Let’s see the map of “Yan-Cheng Site” (江苏常州市武进区淹城遗址), the type of city is unique in Chinese history, as a secret for researchers.

Fig. 1. “Yan-Cheng (淹城) Site” of Changzhou (常州) City in Jiangsu Province, China (from google-earth, 31°42′17″N,119°55′11″E)
Let’s read some sentences of Plato’s Dialogues, in Atlantis, Poseidon “making alternate zones of sea and land larger and smaller, encircling one another; there were two of land and three of water, which he turned as with a lathe, each having its circumference equidistant every way from the centre”, what meanings can we get?
In ancient Chinese geography, where the sun sinks to the west-sea there is a mountain called “崦嵫” (Yanzi), the pronunciation of which is quite like an abbreviation of “Atlantis”, to abbreviate words to one or two syllables is Chinese language’s unique feature. “Yan-Cheng Site” (淹城遗址) , which may connect with “奄” (Yan) people, and “奄” (Yan) people, an ancient ethnic group of Eastern China, may be a clue to the descendants of submerged Atlantis.
But that is not the only clue. In east China, Hebei Province, there is a place named “安次” (Anci, in “廊坊”, Langfang City) once quite near the seashore in prehistory. And in Shandong Province, there is a place with a historical name “厌次” (Yanci), once quite near the seashore in prehistory too. And “扬子-江” (Yangtze River) in Jiangsu Province is also with similar name to “崦嵫” (Yanzi). These names may all be derived from “Atlantis”. In Chinese myths, the places where the sun rises and sinks is the same place, where a big tree called “扶桑” (Fusang) is and the place gets its name from this tree, nevertheless “扶桑” (Fusang) is always directed at east orientation. So like “崦嵫” (Yanzi) but opposite it, we would not be surprised to find there are “安次” (Anci), “厌次” (Yanci), “扬子” (Yangtze) and “奄” (Yan), etc.. “Formosa” in European geography may be a word with similar origin like “扶桑” (Fusang); “福建” (Fujian), a southeastern province of China, sounds like “Formosa”, so there might be something that “台湾” (Taiwan) had gotten the name “Formosa” from westerners in history. Chinese denominate different races to the east and to the north of them as “夷狄” (Yi-Di, or I-ti in ancient Chinese phonics), which pronunciation is quite like an abbreviation of “Atlantis” too.
There are quite many names of old places and peoples and common words in Chinese like abbreviations of “Atlantis” too. For example, “燕” (Yan, a traditional zone which center is Beijing), “殷” (Yin, a capital and another name of middle-late Shang Dynasty), “安期” (Anqi, a surname. Anqi Sheng , pronouncing like Anderson, is an immortal man’s name. It is said that the First Emperor of Qin who had always dreamed of achieving immortality had sent his men to look for Anqi Sheng in the East Sea.), “俺” (An, common first person singular pronoun in North Chinese dialect, just like English word “I”), “淹” (Yan, a verb which means “submerge”, quite like Atlantis’s doom), etc.
The name “夷狄” (Yi-Di) can be thought to be an even earlier variant of “Atlantis”, and it has a lot of paronyms too. For example, “鸢鞮” (Yuanti, or “苑支”, Yuanzhi, name of a king of “白狄”, Baidi, means White Di. His country “鼓”, Gu, was in Hebei provice, China, in early history), “孪鞮” (Luanti, or “虚连题”, Xulianti, surname of the khan or king of Xiongnu-Huns), “阏氏” (Yanzhi, the designation of Xiongnu-Huns queen), “奄蔡” (Yancai, a country in central Eurasia, “西域”, Xiyu, from Chinese point of view), “安息” (Anxi, an old nation in “西域”, Xiyu, specially in now Iran), and so on. Their names may be abbreviations and distortions of “Atlantis”. “奄蔡” and “安息” were nations of Aryans, and some of their sources might trace back to “夷狄”(Yi-Di). So it is not hard to believe that the great king of Huns in Europe, whose name “Attila”, might be abbreviation of “Atlantis” too. And the name of the paradise Eden in the Holy Bible, the name of the cave Mas-d'Azil, the name of the country Italy, the name of the historical Mexican nation Aztec, might also be similar nomenclatures.
The Khan of Xiongnu-Huns, was called “单于” (Chanyu, Chan-o^u in ancient Chinese phonetic voice), which sounds like “Chairman Augustus” (Magyars Oghuz) very much. The primitive chair is still called “马扎儿” ( Mazha’er, sounds like Magyar) for Chinese now. Chinese didn’t sit on chair for long history, which might be a social institution. Long ago, Chinese thought that only the gods could sit on chairs. The Gods’ Mother in the West, “西王母” (Xiwangmu), was sitting down on the chair (“梯几”, “梯”, ti, means sit, “几”, ji, means chair) in the recordation of “山海经” (Shanhaijing, Geography book of the old era), so the mortals were thought not to be suitable to sit on chairs for religious meanings for long. “岛夷” (Dao Yi, means “Island Yi, seafaring people”) in east China’s coastline (though also far into inland by Yangtze River, Pearl River, etc.) have a goddess called “妈祖” (Mazu), sometimes pronouncing as “麻姑” (Magu), “妈阁” (Mage), “马公” (Magong), “湄公” (Mekong), etc. in dialects, which are very similar to Magyar, Mecca, Maria, Margaret, Marc, Malacca, Mexico, and so on. These may be languages’ relics of remote prehistory religions of “夷狄”(Yi-Di).

Fig. 2. Mazha’er and Chair
The most ancient Chinese god is “东皇太一” (Donghuangtaiyi, the Huang who is the original first one in east), and the most ancient Chinese king is “太昊” (Taihao), “皇” (huang) and “昊” (hao) might have the same origin with the Hellenic god “Helios”, these are all solar worship words. Ancient Egyptian and Japanese were all solar worship nations, and Egyptian gods Osiris, Isis, can match along with Japanese gods Izanagi, Izanami, either in phones, or in traits. Solar worship cultures, together with hawk (pronounced like “昊” too) or owl and snake worships, have been widely spreading in the world from prehistory. For example, the god Hephaestus of Greek mythology, and Egypt’s first city Hierakonpolis, which also named Nekhen, are quite like “淮夷” (Huaiyi, an old nation of Eastern China), “合肥” (Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province, China), “尼堪” (Nikan, derived from Manchurian words, means “southern people”, Japanese call themselves like this, and Chinese call themselves Han, also like this). The country’s name of Egypt, sounds quite like Chinese words “ (娥-) 姬” (E-Ji), “伊祁” (Yiqi), “安期” (Anqi), etc., which were all surnames of great men (emperors or immortals) in the early history of China. And “额吉” (eej) in Mongolian language means “mother”, this may be the original meaning. Asia sounds very like “大夏” (Daxia), the first dynasty of China.
The most common suggestion in India and China’s Buddhism and Taoism, and also in Christianism, is that the gods deliver the good and honest ones from bitter sea, which may be the similar memories of the deluge and sea-drifting lives after the catastrophe of Atlantis.

1. Ra Barque of Ancient Egypt (from:

2. Dawenkou (大汶口) Culture Ceramic Characters of China

3. Liangzhu (良渚) Culture Jade Sacrificial Vessel of China (from: http://www.lzmuseum.cn/grand/2009/09/272/865039.html

4. Bardal Rock carvings, Bronze Age boats (Steinkjer, Norway) (from: )

5. Nariguera of Moche Culture of South America(from:
Fig. 3. Solar Boats Figures of Several Cultures
The first ancient Chinese king was “太昊” (Taihao). “太昊” (Taihao) was an honorific title. The king’s name, if really existed, was “伏羲” (Fuxi) or “庖牺” (Paoxi). “东皇太一” might also be a prefix to “伏羲” (Fuxi) or “庖牺” (Paoxi), if we consider ancestor worship is the most important belief of Chinese, which always associates the monarch with the heaven. In Chinese historical literatures, “伏羲” (Fuxi) or “庖牺”  (Paoxi) was the first king who taught people fishing and stockbreeding.
“庖牺东 (皇)” (Paoxidong-Huang) might be a possible word formation, the pronunciation of which is much like Poseidon. In many cultures there are myths of sun chariots, and the sea is intimate to the sun’s rising, sinking, and resting, so solar worship may quite close to Poseidon, not for Hellenic myths, but for Atlantis’s. “庖牺东 (皇)”  (Paoxidong-Huang) can be contracted to be one Chinese character “盘” (Pan, commonly means “pan” or “tray” like English). In Chinese myths the first human or deity was “盘古” (Pangu). “古” (gu) means “old, ancient”, and “古” (gu) is built up by two sections, “十” (shi) and ”口” (kou, guo). “十” (shi) means the English numeral “ten”, “口” (kou) means “mouth”, and is often used to refer to “person” in Chinese. ”口” (guo) is the original character of “国” (guo), which means “capital city” or “country”. So “十” (shi) and ”口” (kou, guo) give combined mean “ten men” or “ten countries”, and the integrate form “古” (gu) means “ten ancestors”. So the original meaning of “盘古” (Pangu) might be “Poseidon and his ten sons in Atlantis”, which gives a clue that the refugees mainly arrived China from the east direction (东, dong, means east orientation). There are also related records in American Indians’ legends. In Chinese myths, “盘古” (Pangu) was the man created the world, his eyes converted to the sun and the moon. Let’s look at the Bardal Rock carvings of fig. 3. 4. and the Map of Avebury (in England) in fig. 4. 1.
Might there be the worships of the sun and the moon? And might philosophies have been very developed then?
The worships of the sun and the moon, together with other stars, are very widely spreading in the world’s nations, and we know that even from the beginning of the civilization, astronomy and mathematics had already been very developed.

1. Map of Avebury (from: )

2. Fisheye image of Stonehenge showing the circular layout (from: )

3. Göbekli Tepe, Urfa (from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe,_Urfa.jpg)
Fig. 4. Several Prehistory Great Ring-shaped Constructions
Many cultures have similar astronomical and mathematical systems, though many would have been evolving by themselves from Paleolithic period in their environments, but people are moving creatures, and before farming, which is the main fact of permanent settlements, people might travel more widely than history records could pursue. For example, one book of Confucian classics called “Shangshu” (尚书) , which is the oldest orthodox history book kept till now, together with other history books, says that Emperor “尧” (Yao, the first emperor in “Shangshu”) had “分命和仲, 宅西, 曰昧谷. 寅饯纳日, 平秩西成. 宵中, 星虚, 以殷仲秋.” These sentences tell that “尧” (Yao) appointed “和仲” (Hezhong) to observe astronomical phenomena in the most west of the continent. Stonehenge in England may be a clue to this thing, for “henge” pronounced quite like “和仲” (Hezhong). And we would not surprise that when “禹” (Yu, the third emperor in “Shangshu”) fought against the deluge, he could get old charts from holy places, and in some legends, “禹” (Yu) had used different forms of characters, like alphabet letters. Duodecimal, septenary, octal, sexagesimal notation systems, together with decimal system and so on, were widely and specially used in astronomy, mathematics and other cultural things in different old civilizations, most of which are identical. Why couldn’t a more aging culture spread these knowledge?
It is possible that prehistory people had wider world view than the feudal age? In the oldest Chinese geography book “山海经” (Shanhaijing), there were many different myths and many different nations of the prehistory world. One famous myth, also mentioned in “列子” (Liezi, an early book of Taoism), is “夸父追日” (Kuafu zhui ri). “追” means “pursue”, “日” means the sun, “夸父” (Kuafu) is a people. “夸父追日” (Kuafu zhui ri) might be a scientific investigation or a metaphor of compelled flight for religion sibs.
The pronunciation of “夸父” (Kuafu) in ancient Chinese language might be like “Columbus”, and might derive from the suppositional world pillar “昆仑” (Kunlun). “昆仑” (Kunlun) is a mythical mount that beneath the zenith of the heaven where the main god dwells, and is a paradise for deities and human beings. “昆仑” (Kunlun) is a religious place, and there may be various sites postulated by different peoples to salute.
In most myths, there once was a paradise of human ancestors, which is the zenith of the world, and center of the world. This may be a philosophy conclusion of prehistory geography surveys. There are clues that prehistory people might know that the earth is a sphere, and each continent is a curved surface. So if set the sea level to be the 0 height point, the place most far to the sea is the apparent highest point of a continent. “昆仑” (Kunlun) is such a place, and by information of “山海经” (Shanhaijing) and other geographical sources, scholars can easily locate the position of “昆仑” (Kunlun) in central Eurasia, where is the most far place to the sea in all directions. That is very different from the common cognition later in history that China is “Central Empire” (中国) both culturally and geographically. Jansen Yao(姚剑申) deduced that world survey might have taken by some people in the prehistory. Christopher Columbus just did one thing that might have already done by others much earlier, his name may not be coincidence to “夸父” (Kuafu).
In the myths, “昆仑” (Kunlun) is the world pillar. The Dawenkou (大汶口) Culture ceramic characters of China in fig 3. 2. 2., may show this image to us. The pronunciation of “昆仑” (Kunlun) in Chinese language is quite like English word “column” and Mongolian word “库伦” (Kulun, or Qure in dialect), the original meaning of these words may be “circular pillar” or “annular pillars”. The “circular pillar” may refer to “global axle”, and will be discussed later. The “annular pillars” may refer to “global wheel”, Stonehenge and Göbekli Tepe in fig. 4., may be one kind of “annular pillars” for religion and astronomy, “Yan-Cheng Site” and Atlantis may be similar kind for temporal life.

1.Bronze Pot Unearthed from “Yan-Cheng (淹城) Site” (From: http://www.wjda.gov.cn/ReadNews.asp?NewsID=191

2.Bronze Tri-wheel Basin Unearthed from “Yan-Cheng (淹城) Site” (From: http://www.wjda.gov.cn/ReadNews.asp?NewsID=191

3.Trundholm Sun Chariot (From: )
Fig. 5. Similar Artifacts of Different Cultures in Late Bronze Age
Now let’s see the pictures of 3, 000 years old priceless bronze relics found in “Yan-Cheng Site” (淹城遗址) that mentioned above, and the contrasting artifact “Trundholm Sun Chariot” discovered in Denmark also in the late Bronze Age in Fig. 5.
The bronze tri-wheel basin of “Yan-Cheng Site” may be a sun chariot, like the Denmark’s. This phenomenon indicates pervasive similar solar worships in the early history.
It is known that Atlantis had sunk in the Atlantic Ocean circa 12, 000 years ago, which might not be wrong, for we know in the Late Pleistocene epoch the Cro-Magnons in Europe had already developed quite sophisticated culture, and their cranial capacities were mostly larger than people’s nowadays. Most animals needn’t large cranial capacities for ordinary lives, why couldn’t those people or other peoples develop a new type of culture that can be thought to be civilization? Can relics say all? In the end of the Pleistocene Epoch many big animals became extinct, why wouldn’t a civilization?
Maybe in the last stage of last glaciations, some environments and resources built up the nation of Atlantis, or some migrations of people from distant places brought, studied, and created new cultures. How about the main change?
Atlantis might not be as good as Plato said, but why can’t we think that some most important proofs which archeologists, anthropologists and geneticists wanted were annihilated by the long time, astronomical catastrophes, earth movements, human competitions, and so on, just like the evolution of all things. For example, there are really evidences that some people of Paleolithic period had had domesticated horses and so on, but for the deluge those horses might be killed off or return wild again. And from myths associated with astronomical phenomena and so on, we can deduce that people knew the principle of wheels and vehicles long before history era, but that might be wiped out for same reasons, and if the elites of the civilization were mostly eliminated and the remainder in new circumstances didn’t require new inventions, civilization might not reoccur for long.
It is surprising that there are many identical phenomena in many far apart cultures, Jansen Yao thinks they may have the same origin, just as Elliot Smith pointed in his book MIGRATION OF EARLY CULTURE, William Warren collected in his book PARADISE FOUND——THE CRADLE OF THE HUMAN RACE AT THE NORTH POLE, and Ignatius Donnelly proposed in his book ATLANTIS, THE ANTEDILUVIAN WORLD.
The Bible said that the ancestors of all nations had had the same tongue, which might be quite true. The myths and cultures reveal connotations of very old origin, which may be really as far back as to the Atlantis time Plato’s Dialogues mentioned. The differences between them can verify this viewpoint, prehistory refugees of Atlantis were the main origin of all nations’ cultures and civilizations today. There are many archaeological, historical, cultural, geographical and genetic researches to confirm this.
“奄” (Yan) people was a war fugitive nation in the Shang-Zhou dynasties’ revolution, their former homeland was in Shandong Province, the place where Confucianism originated in the later Chunqiu (春秋) Period. The capital of “鲁” (Lu) Dukedom, was formerly the central district of “奄” (Yan). However, for devastation of wars and succeeding country with different cultures, most of the relics were demolished by the enemies of “奄” (Yan).
But there are still some clues now, which are enormous, out of people’s minds. The greatest relics may be the mounts that like pyramids. In most comprehensive sense, pyramids have two different types. One is tetragonal pyramid, which is the orthodox type; Egyptian pyramids are the most typical ones which the name “pyramid” derived from, Mesoamerican pyramids, Mesopotamian ziggurats, emperors' mausoleums of several early dynasties in China, and some pagodas, are thought to be similar pyramids with the Egypt’s. The other type is like the volcanic cone, but not widely accepted, for it may difficult to construct, or it may difficult to specify, this is really the “world pillar”, or “昆仑” (Kunlun).
The capital of “鲁”(Lu) Dukedom is named “曲阜” (Qufu), which means “cone mount”. Now let’s look at this map from google-earth. The Mount ”Zhu” (朱山) of “Zou” City (邹城), a neighboring city of “曲阜” (Qufu) in Shandong Province, China, looks surely like a cone (there are pictures on the internet). And there are many cone mounts like this in this district, like volcanic cones, but those are not volcanoes; they all seem that they were not only molded by geological process, but also shaped by engineering process once upon a time.

1. Mount ”Zhu” (朱山) of “Zou” City (邹城) in Shandong Province, China (from google-earth, 35°26′15″N,117°00′27″E)

2. SilburyHill gobeirne (from: )
Fig. 6. Man-made “昆仑” (Kunlun)
The mount “泰山” (Taishan) in the middle of Shandong Province, might once be the central mount of Huabei Plain (华北平原) and Huang-Bohai Plain (黄渤海平原, when the sea level was low) in the prehistory. The refugees of submerged Atlantis, might come to East Asia through America, Bering Strait and Northeast Asia, and these people were known as I-ti (夷狄, Yi-Di) in historical documents quite late. “夷狄”(Yi-Di) in Chinese always means “tall men with bows and arrows, dogs, sticks. They worship fire. And some of them are boat-living, some of them worship birds and fishes”. Surely many Atlantis refugees became Chinese along with history development, and were the main source of Chinese culture.
In most myths, there were four rivers out of the paradise. And in Chinese history, It is said that “禹” (Yu), we referred earlier, dredged four big rivers, “四渎” (Sidu), to drain the deluge. “四” (Si) means English numeral “four”, and “渎” (du) means “ditch, river”. “渎” (du) may have same etymological origin with “Don” river, “Danube” river, etc., which are the oldest rivers’ names of Europe. The ditch and canals of Atlantis might have some relations with these. Though designation of “四渎” (Sidu) is quite old, it seems that there is a more older toponym about “four rivers” in Shandong Province, that is “泗水” (Sishui), the name of which means “four river river”. “泗水” (Sishui) is not a big river, but it just winds through “曲阜” (Qufu) city, the capital of “鲁”(Lu) Dukedom in Zhou Dynasty, and formerly the homeland of “奄”(Yan) in Shang Dynasty.
In Chinese legends, seas changed into mulberry fields and mulberry fields changed into seas several times in Eastern China in prehistory. So it may be two or more systems of “Atlantis” in Eastern China for Atlantis refugees to engrave the real one on their hearts. Mount “泰山” (Taishan) might be identified to be the central mountain of Atlantis when the sea levels were low, in such times, “燕山” (Yanshan, a mountain north of Beijing) and other mountains surrounded the plain which surrounded “泰山” (Taishan), including Korean peninsula mountains, were just like the Atlantis’s mountains Plato described in Dialogues. Mount “泰山” (Taishan) might be identified to be the northern mountain of Atlantis when the sea levels were high, in such times, most of today’s Shandong Province was separated from the continent, to be a huge island, which was quite like the condition of Atlantis too. In the second situations, Mount ”Zhu” (朱山) in “Zou” City (邹城), or another more natural mount called “峄山” (Yishan, the name seems like abbreviation of “Atlantis”) in “Zou” City (邹城) too, could be regard as the central mount of Atlantis.
“Zou” City (邹城) and Mount ”Zhu” (朱山) may come from the same etymology, “邾婁” (Zhulou), the old name of “Zou” City (邹城). “邾婁” (Zhulou) may be derived from a more older name “訾娵” (Zizou) or “娵訾” (Zouzi), the pronunciations of which are quite like “Zeus”, the leader of the gods and god of the sky and thunder in Greek mythology. “邾婁” (Zhulou) may be derived from “祝融” (Zhurong) or “烛龙” (Zhulong) too, the two gods’ names belong to the gods in “山海经” (Shanhaijing) and other literatures, they were all fire gods, and they might come out of the same origin too. The fire god was the important god of “狄” (Di) people, and had become one of Chinese gods quite early, so he got two different nomenclatures literally. There are many toponyms like “邾婁” (Zhulou) in China, especially in Hebei Province, such as “涿鹿” (Zhuolu, a county in northern Hebei Province, China), “巨鹿” (Julu, a county in southern Hebei Province, China), and so on, and there are many rivers' names of “夷狄” (Yi-Di) languages’ origin like distortions of “邾婁” (Zhulou), such as “鸭绿江” (Yalu River), “伊犁河”(Yili River), “色楞格河” (Selenga River), “雅垄江” (Yalong River), “雅鲁藏布江” (YarlungZangbo River), “浙江” (Zhe River, or Qiantang River), “珠江” (Zhu River, or Pearl River), etc.. These toponyms all seem having same etymologies with “Jerusalem”, “Jericho”, “Solomon”, etc., and “邾婁” (Zhulou) is pronounced like English numeral “zero”, the beginning of numbers, which is a hint to those holy names’ original meaning: point of origin.
“夸父” (Kuafu) might be a tribe of “夷狄” (Yi-Di), and they might be allied forces of “蚩尤” (Chiyou) against “黄帝” (Huangdi) in the Battle of “涿鹿” (Zhuolu). So they were forced into exile. They were solar worship people, and they knew in the west there might be a “Sun”, “少昊” (Shaohao, means “minor Helios”), waiting for them, because they were all descendants of the same culture ascend to Atlantis. In “山海经” (Shanhaijing), there were several “少昊” (Shaohao), but mainly correlated with the most east and most west of the world, and might refer to one place where the sun rises and sinks. In Chinese point of view, that might be Atlantis very much, but in the books such as “山海经” (Shanhaijing) and “列子” (Liezi) and so on, it was called “大壑” (Dahe), “归墟” (Guixu), “扶桑” (Fusang). “大壑” (Dahe) means large trench where ocean water flows in; “归墟” (Guixu) means where the sun or the soul of people comes back for rest; “扶桑” (Fusang) means where the sun(or suns) rests, rises and sinks, “扶桑” pronounced quite like “Poseidon” in ancient Chinese language. These names of the places where “少昊” (Shaohao) dwelled are also proofs of Atlantis origin of Chinese culture.
“无极” (Wuji)-“混沌” (Hundun)-“太极” (Taiji)-“两仪” (Liangyi)-“四象” (Sixiang)-“八卦” (Bagua), this series is a philosophy called “阴阳” (Yinyang), means two opposite points of everything in the universe, either entities or abstractions. It is quite fathomless, but the main fact can be explained by a parable of embryonic development. “无极” (Wuji) is just like “virgin” in English; “混沌” (Hundun) like “fertilization”; “太极” (Taiji) like “zygocyte”; Others are like merogenesis. Though it is quite a particular Chinese philosophy, it may be universe for more cultures. It maintains quite integral in China, just because of Atlantis refugees were tenacious for traditional knowledge reserving.
“五行” (Wuxing) is another particular Chinese philosophy, means five elements or five aspects of the universe, and can refer to everything too. It may be independent philosophy or the derivative of “四象” (Sixiang). For example, there are five colors, five orientations about “五行” (Wuxing), one-to-one correspondence between the elements of these sets. Blue (or green)-east-wood, red-south-fire, yellow-middle-earth, white-west-metal, black-north-water. The origin of this philosophy was quite old, and it is quite spreading. There may have different correspondences in different cultures. It can tell many cultural things. In Plato’s Dialogues, Atlantis people used three colored stones to build constructions, the colors are white, black, and red, if we add the metal such as gold and orichalcum, or the soil, which are yellow or yellowish, and we add the sea, the sky and the plants, which are blue or green, that there were just the five colors. We can see some clues of such phenomena in many Palaeolithic relics and primitive tribes, and can deduce Atlantis’s might not be the original one.

Fig. 7. Gate of Chinese Philosophy Castle
“五行” (Wuxing) also relates to “五龙” (Wulong), “五帝”(Wu-Di). In the incomplete ancient history book “遁甲开山图” (Dunjiakaishantu), very old Chinese legends were mentioned. “五龙” (Wulong) was\were the first era deity(-ies) in this book, which pronounced just like Uranus. “天皇” (Tianhuang) were the second era deities, they were twelve brothers, just like the Titans or the family of Zeus. “地皇” (Dihuang) were the third era deities, they were eleven, just like Atlantis’s ten princes and their mother Cleito. Then “人皇” (Renhuang), …
“三皇五帝” (San-Huang Wu-Di) is the oldest history structure of China, when “司马迁” (Sima-qian, great historian of the Former Han Dynasty) set about to write the great Book of History (史记), he found that he couldn’t select materials, so he didn’t write them down, just for serious meaning. Now we can see the oldest myths of China and Greece, and so on, are so alike, what can we deduce?
“五帝”(Wu-Di) were five “帝” (emperor), related to “五行” (Wuxing), they might be derived from “五龙” (Wulong). Like Uranus, they were all gods of the heaven. But as the political philosophy of Chinese cultural religion designation, heaven relates to people, emperors relate to gods of the heaven. “黄帝” (Huangdi), referred earlier, literally means “Yellow Emperor”, was on behalf of yellow-middle-earth, the name of “黄帝” (Huangdi) is “轩辕” (Xuanyuan), which maybe pronounced like “Johan” in ancient Chinese language. This name derived from wheeled vehicles, though archeologists have not found definite evidences of wheeled vehicles in China till then. “Johan” can be abbreviated to be one character “转” (zhuan, means “rotate”) or “颛” (zhuan, its original meaning may be “axle”). “黄帝” (Huangdi) is a famous emperor, so it is natural that some of his sons' sons and his sons' sons' sons might take “颛孙” (Zhuansun, very like “Johansson”) as their surname, the most famous one called “颛顼” (Zhuanxu), another famous emperor of “五帝” (Wu-Di). He is associated to black-north-water. “少昊” (Shaohao), refered earlier too, is considered to be the “西方上帝” (west emperor), also called “白帝” (Baidi). He is designated to white-west-metal.
In “山海经” (Shanhaijing), there are two surnames associated to “西方上帝” (west emperor) “少昊” (Shaohao), they are “磈” (Wei) and “威” (Wei). The God of the Holy Bible has a respectful name “Yahweh”. “Yah” may be a courtesy title “叶赫” (yehe), which means “great” in Mongolian language. “weh” is quite in accordance with “磈” (Wei) and “威” (Wei), so Chinese “西方上帝” (west emperor) is the God of the Holy Bible too. There is a short word of “great” in Chinese, just one character, it is “大” (da). For example, “禹”(Yu), the hero who had controlled floods, is always called “大禹” (Da-Yu) by later generations. So “Yahweh” accords with “大隗” (Da-Wei). “大隗” (Da-Wei) was an old tribe recorded in Chinese literatures. “庄子·徐无鬼” (“庄子”, Zhuangzi, an early Taoism book) said: “黄帝将见大隗乎具茨之山.” (“黄帝” will meet “大隗” in “具茨” mountain), “具茨” (Juci) is a name of a mountain, which pronouncing like “车师” (Cheshi, or Jushi), ”龟兹” (Qiuci), “姑师”(Gushi), “库车”(Kuche), so “大隗” (Da-Wei) might be early Tocharian or early “鬼方” (Guifang, an old nation related to Chinese). Some most early important men’s names such as “鬼臾区” (Guiyu^ou, a famous chancellor of “黄帝”), “鬼谷子” (Guiyu^zi, a famous scholar in “战国”, Zhanguo, the Warring States Period), and some most important names of some nations and districts, like “威县” (Weixian, a county in southern Hebei Province, China), “魏县” (Weixian, a county in southern Hebei Province, China), “倭” (Wo, the old name of Japan), “归” (and “妫”, “桂”, all pronounced “Gui” in Chinese language, and “夔”, Kui, “卫”, Wei, etc., are all Chinese surnames and districts’ names), “回鹘” (Huihu, an old nomadic nation), and so on, together with English words “Augustus”, “Ox”, “uncle”, “union”, “vale”, “value”, “vassal”, “wade”, “wage”, “west”, “white”, “whale”, “wide”, etc., show an edge of the iceberg that nearly most words with those morphemes of “Yahweh” or “Guiyu^ou” have clues relate to one origin of the God. “道德经” ( Daodejing, the most important classic Taoism literature) says that “谷神”(Yushen, “the God”) is immortal. And the Holy Bible says that once “the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.” These must be all true, and all conserve the memory of cultural studies from Atlantis refugees.
“大隗” (Da-Wei) may be the eponym for David, the name of a famous Jewish king, and now common name of western nations. Such examples are numerous among cultures. For instance, in Greek mythology, Belus was a king of Egypt and father of Aegyptus and Danaus and (usually) brother to Agenor. In Greek mythology Belus is related to horses, and the name possibly derived from “Ba‘al”, “Bel”, “Belos”, which mean “lord” in many ancient cultures. “Belus” pronounced like “伯乐” (Bole) in Chinese, and “伯乐” (Bole) was the courtesy title to whom could find good horses in ancient Chinese language. There was a banneret title “贝勒” (beile), which meaning more or less like “Ba‘al”, “Bel”, “Belos”, in Manchurian Empire. “Danaus” is pronounced like “大挠氏” (Danaoshi), who was the secretary of “黄帝” (Huangdi) and invented “天干地支” (Tiangan-Dizhi), a system of numeration, colligates decimal system and duodecimal system to be sexagesimal system, which shows some meanings to  Danaus’s daughters’ number. “Aegyptus” is pronounced like “额吉” (eej, appellation to “mother” in Mongolian language)-“菩提” (bodhi, means “intelligence”, but maybe derived from “father”). Agenor is pronounced like “额吉” (eej) too. “额吉” (eej), together with “ (娥-) 姬” (E-Ji, surname of Emperor “黄帝”), “伊祁” (Yiqi, surname of Emperor “尧”), “安期” (Anqi, surname of an immortal man mentioned above), might be derived from the word “Atlantis” obviously. This is another clue of cultural propagation in prehistory, and shows that sometimes circumstances forced people to change their organization to be matriarchy (though always temporal), such as “女娲” (Nvwa) , Amazons, Yamataikoku, etc.
“Jesus Christ” is pronounced like “鸡泽甲氏狄” ( Ji-ze Jiashi-Di) in Chinese. “鸡泽” is a historical lake’s name and now the name of a county in Handan (邯郸) District, Hebei Province, China. The “狄” (Di, or Ti) people was quite like Caucasians who had lived in north China till Chunqiu (春秋) period or even later Jin (晋) Dynasty. “甲” (Jia) is pronounced like the first syllable of “Christ”, “cross”, “comb”, “Caucasus”, “Goryeo” (高丽), “Gelao” (仡佬), even of “Khoisan”, which means “first numeral” of Chinese “天干” (Tiangan, an ancient decimal system of Chinese), and can also mean number “ten” as a whole. “甲” (jia) in “甲骨文” (Jiaguwen, an old Chinese Characters’ system, which were inscriptions on bones or tortoise shells of the Shang Dynasty) was the pattern “十” (shi, now means “ten”), and “十” (the cross) is a very ancient cultural symbol of humankind and essential key of Christian religion. “鸡” (Ji) means chicken (Gallus gallus), which is not only a kind of poultry with great economic value,  but also a kind of totem for “鸟夷” (Niao Yi, Bird- worship Yi-Di, with relative to “岛夷”, Dao Yi, the seafaring people). It is thought that people first domesticated jungle fowl in “Cishan Culture” (磁山文化), which center is just  “鸡泽” ( Ji-ze).

Fig. 8. Gallus gallus (photoed by Jansen)
Flowers are adored by most peoples, as to this, Chinese call themselves “华” (Hua), which means “Cultural people like beautiful flowers”. The most popular kind of flowers in the world may be lotus. There are many names for lotus in Chinese language, each seems having great cultural relation to other old languages. For example, lotus in Chinese has such names: “荷” (He), “莲” (Lian), “菡萏” (Handan), “芙蓉” (Furong), “芙蕖” (Fuqu), “藕花” (Ouhua), etc., this names may have etymological associations to “Helios”, “Aryan”, “邯郸” (Handan), “Frank”, “London”, “flower”, “lily”, “lotus”, “couple”, “cross”, etc.

Fig. 9. White Lotus (photoed by Jansen)
We can see that there are many cultural and languages’ similarities in east and west civilizations above, Chinese characters (汉字) are so profound, relate near all languages and cultures. For Chinese culture has almost never been disrupted for thousands of years, and quite for Chinese characters, the long-lasting huge information recording symbol system, it is possible that some important prehistory messages like the tale of Atlantis the Egyptian priest told Solon, still exist.
There is an old sacred book of Chinese folk heritages called “龙华经” (Longhuajing), it is said that it inherits from collections of epics and scriptures that lasted 60, 000 years, and all religions were from one source in the beginning. It nearly has all main aspects of many religion merits, and scholars just think it may not be longer than one thousand even five hundred years, may be only the falsification of other religions. But it really has many old things, which can be traced back to the origin of Chinese history, and even longer prehistory. It may be ancient Shamans’ heritage, which was really all nations’ cultural mother in prehistory. If we take archaeology, legends, anthropology researches and so on altogether for a whole vision, we may find this book is really something. For example, we now know that modern human came out of Africa and diffused to all continents from just 60, 000 years before, and other old books hadn’t said that, can it be coincidence, or have some sources from epics of Atlantis refugees and so on? All religions like her children, why can’t the cultural mother be pride of her sons and daughters?
“龙华经” (Longhuajing) might associate with one book of Confucian classics called “易经” (Yijing), for they are of similar old heritage systems, all like using long epoch’s recurrent experiences (like metempsychosis, samsara) to deduce factors, and make philosophical equations. This method has been often using in forecasting studies for either social or personal predicting, appreciably like weather forecasting. As so old philosophy of all human beings, it calls for scientific research to prevent it from misuse in the future.
Nearly all revolts and reformations of Chinese history, from Battle of “涿鹿” (Zhuolu) to the Revolt of “义和拳” (Yihequan), had the reflection of “龙华经” (Longhuajing) philosophy. However, folk masses only paid attentions to superstitions, or were blindly like sheep, they couldn’t know the essences, and most times they only did the wrong things that the sacred book disagrees with (e.g. like “义和拳” and so on). What a pity! The sacred book contains correct and profound insights, but was always made the publicity of several malicious greedy people, and for the book’s verities, many innocent masses were cheated! What a sad thing! That’s only someone’s guilty, not the sacred book’s.
All above is only a drop in the ocean. We can easily find more and more grounds of argument. Just use a brain wave for example: dragon boats of Vikings and Chinese; cavaliers of Europe and Japan; Gallus may be related nations’ names such as Celt, “皋落” (Gaoluo, ancient nation in China), “仡佬” (Gelao, one minority in China) ; “Buddha” may be regarded as the abbreviation of “伏羲太昊” (Fuxitaihao) by Chinese, etc.. Those show that there are more ancient links between some cultures, and in deep researches we would find more and more clues. Finally, we will see that all our pride civilizations but are branches of one big tree, the trunk is Atlantis.
Archaeology, genetics, anthropology, and other technological, natural and cultural studies are ongoing developing constantly. May there be more findings to test these viewpoints of Jansen Yao in the coming future.

Introduction of the Author: Jansen Yao (姚 剑申,Yao Jianshen), born in 1980, Julu Town, Julu County, Hebei Province, China, got his bachelor’s degree of  philosophy (chemistry) in Hebei University, 2004. He loves science and different cultures, though he is very poor and the work seems nonsense to his special field, he has been studying the origin of human civilization hard with diligence for years, and here is part of his finds in this article.
Email: gianto@163.com
本帖最后由 癯鹤 于 2015-9-9 08:30 编辑

Some strangers uploaded this article to the internet in the full format with pictures and sources. Who would like to see this article could search it by oneself. 1# 癯鹤
up, up, healthier!
I'm impressed about the details you have displayed. Informative!
Thanks for giving response!It is hard to find a bosom friend.
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本帖最后由 癯鹤 于 2016-7-23 21:08 编辑

6# 癯鹤
拙作早已以《龙华起信论(英文)》的名字上传爱问共享资料:http://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/search/0-0-all-1?cond=%25E9%25BE%2599%25E5%258D%258E%25E8%25B5%25B7%25E4%25BF%25A1%25E8%25AE%25BA,人穷,无力出版,欲看则可,引用请注明作者“阿甘木”或“癯鹤处士”,请尊重保护知识产权和文化创见。


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http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
你们村没事吧,祝安。
极品猥琐凤凰眼镜生物党棍左棍五毛愤青爱国
eight代 poor农 root正 shoot
12# 一统浆糊
谢谢!我们巨鹿县还好,前些天一直抱怨雨下不透,也就上次这场雨大概下透了——再多的话低洼处就会积水成涝了。邢台西部的雨水着实太厉害了,也是政府忒麻痹了,难以想象组织防洪如此不力,让人想起古代常见的升平日久军队无力进入战争状态的情形。19日晚我们这里停电,当时已经两天大雨,据说西边山上更大,我都估计山里要发洪水(我当然没经历过63年大水,但12年北京大水时我在京,正为自己的《亚特兰蒂斯新解》出版事宜奔走,所以有一点经验),以为既然停电,也该通知那些村子防洪(20日我的妹夫作为小公务员都接通知在乡里严阵以待巡逻各村,防止朱庄水库泄下来的洪水淹过来救护不及),真不成想那边都没防洪准备。
http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
确实是有些问题,年年抗旱,大雨猝不及防。
极品猥琐凤凰眼镜生物党棍左棍五毛愤青爱国
eight代 poor农 root正 shoot
此文在此论坛发布一周年了.
人穷志短,想找个给稿费的中外杂志
有无有民族自豪感有门路的网友帮忙绍介此文.
http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
本帖最后由 癯鹤 于 2016-10-16 18:12 编辑
The most common suggestion in India and China’s Buddhism and Taoism, and also in Christianism, is that the gods deliver the good and honest ones from bitter sea, which may be the similar memories of the deluge and sea-drifting lives after the catastrophe of Atlantis.

1. Ra Barque of Ancient Egypt (from:

2. Dawenkou (大汶口) Culture Ceramic Characters of China

3. Liangzhu (良渚) Culture Jade Sacrificial Vessel of China (from: http://www.lzmuseum.cn/grand/2009/09/272/865039.html

4. Bardal Rock carvings, Bronze Age boats (Steinkjer, Norway) (from: )

5. Nariguera of Moche Culture of South America(from:
Fig. 3. Solar Boats Figures of Several Cultures
...
癯鹤 发表于 2015-9-9 08:19
大韩民国自称宇宙大国(需要证明可以找我,给钱啥都好说,爷快穷死了,有奶就是新娘!),其国旗特色是阴阳鱼,韩国国旗应该是借鉴中国文化的太极图,同为东亚人,咱亲切呀(热脸 )!
不过韩国太极图因为要跟中国有所区别,有一点做过了,那就是两条阴阳鱼都没有眼睛(须知这可是日月之象征,大日本帝国的国旗可是只象征其中一颗呢——从姓氏源流上,据说我也算东夷之后,华夏正宗,所以这是诚信尊东夷为大,也是自尊,不是阿谀奉承哩!),恕我(皇帝的新装)还是谢我(晋文公的土块)给你们点明?如果需要更改,这点睛之笔润笔费记得分我点儿!
三句话不离钱,离开本行很多年,穷啊!没本钱,万事难!学得文武艺,做十丐九儒?良禽择佳木, 最好摇钱树!

(自:http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6ae9050a0102uwse.html,图样图森破,内义务!图省事,窃书不能算偷,咱不干窃书的勾当,也不窃图。但是为了爆大新闻,顺手牵羊从别人博客里找来幅图,注明出处,不能算窃图呀!)
从阴阳鱼的眼睛,咱看到了怀抱日月先天气的大道!高道出鸿蒙,一气化三清,盘古不知年,何处觅仙踪?伏羲始创先天八卦。日月分别在白天黑夜发出光亮,明光甲其实就是怀抱日月之明光的哲学意义(传统文武之道,都有哲学意义,现代则只注重科学意义了)。怀抱日月先天气,其实良渚文化神人像就是这样的。上面引文中挪威青铜时代的Bardal 岩刻,那个圆形的形象,好像拟人的有双眼的太阳,其实也可能类似阴阳鱼,是日月的象征。在西方的昆仑形制的一些巨石阵里都有类似象征性布局,也就是圆形石阵中央是两个大小差不多的圆坛(可以参考《龙华起信论》,里面有图)。埃及神话里荷鲁斯的眼睛,好像就分别象征日月。祆教、摩尼教的二元论也是同样的道理(所以明教很容易和道教合流,成为中国民间信仰)。而淹城、螺城,据说里面都曾有两口井,叫金井、玉井,如果考虑镜花水月的“水月”这个词汇,或许也是日月之象征。(电脑和网络极破,脑筋绞得难受,难于每一样都寻例证给图样了)
如同某些科学定理不但置之四海而皆准,就是放在宇宙中做公理也可以一样。在人类进化过程中很久远就形成了一些基本要素,或许可以名曰“文化大道”,有些也是跨越种族的,比如宗教、科技、艺术、……
今天竟然发现太极图阴阳鱼的造型十七八万年前就有了:
据说是尼安德特人的建筑,中间两个火坛。这两个火坛或许一个照明,一个烤肉,或许一个用着,一个掩盖着,防止一个灭了不好生火?或者已经有了宗教意识,一个象征太阳,一个象征月亮,这可是在法国几百米深的山洞(France’s Bruniquel Cave ),十七八万年前的结构。




A 3D reconstruction of the structures in the Bruniquel Cave. (Xavier Muth - Get in Situ, Archéotransfert, Archéovision -SHS-3D, base photographique Pascal Mora)

That the structures' creators did so anyway shows they were driven to pursue something often considered uniquely human: "They explored."(自:https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2016/05/26/170000-years-before-stonehenge-neanderthals-built-their-own-incredible-structure/

探索是人类的天性,这对于本人的“全数迁移理论”也是一个支持。如《褒禅山记》所谓的奇伟瑰怪非常之观常在于险远,非有志者不能至也。这洞300米深,当初探索这个洞并有志于在这里建这个结构的人,会是有多么长远的打算呀!
附近有瑞士,会不会燧人氏就是在这里呢?(中国人不必自卑,不是言必称希腊,那么久远的时间,谁的祖宗在什么地方还说不定呢?何况据说尼安德特人灭绝了,咱们的小心情也可以获得安慰呀!尤其是据说东亚人保留的一部分尼安德特人的基因比欧洲人还多呢,说明东亚人的部分祖先可能源自西方,而欧洲人正好相反也未可知)有没可能这就是后世宗教、科技、文化的一个源头呢?尼安德特人灭绝了?从宗教来看会不会是修道成仙,迁走了?
http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
类似淹城、螺城、阿尔卡伊姆的城市构造,果然在远古就一路西传到西海边了(当然也特兰蒂斯新解的解释,那里本来也是亚热兰蒂斯遗民向东扩张、逃难的去处,比东亚发达的时间也早)。最近有新闻说秦始皇陵发现了洋劳工,推测是随亚历山大东征而来的希腊人。人类文化交流史从考古不断得到新的证明,可喜可贺!其实秦朝的翁仲、羡门高誓、安期生就很有异域(仙人,迁徙的人)意思。秦始皇陵像古埃及金字塔,而制造兵马俑也类似古埃及的一些风俗(不过似乎古埃及热衷国王雕像)。还有挺有意思的,始皇东巡,齐鲁地区的七十位儒生(据说是根据孔子弟子数目而定,孔子弟子三千,而贤者七十二)被任命为博士,跟了他到泰山举行封禅,而同时代西方《希伯来圣经旧约》的希腊文七十子译本,其翻译人数又是多么巧合。东西二圣称,传世为经典,天意定其数乎?《七十子希腊文本》
(Septuagint)《希伯来圣经》最早的希腊文译本。其中《妥拉》部分,是由72位犹太学者应埃及法老之请,在亚历山大城翻译的,后统称全译本为"七十子文本"或"七十贤士译本",公元前3-2世纪用流行的希腊文编译而成。

图文揭秘以色列神秘巨石阵(组图) (1/2)
  


导读:※奇闻提要: Rujm el-Hiri是一种古老的巨石纪念碑,包含石头放置的同心圆和在圆心的古墓。它坐落在戈兰高地的以色列占领区域,加利利海的海岸东部约16公里处,一个覆盖着数百个墓石牌坊的大平台中间。




※奇闻提要: Rujm el-Hiri是一种古老的巨石纪念碑,包含石头放置的同心圆和在圆心的古墓。它坐落在戈兰高地的以色列占领区域,加利利海的海岸东部约16公里处,一个覆盖着数百个墓石牌坊的大平台中间。

Rujm el-Hiri是一种古老的巨石纪念碑,包含石头放置的同心圆和在圆心的古墓。它坐落在戈兰高地的以色列占领区域,加利利海的海岸东部约16公里处,一个覆盖着数百个墓石牌坊的大平台中间。
在超过42000块玄武岩排成的同心圆中心,有一个超过15英尺(4.6米)高的土堆。这些同心圆一些是完整的,一些是不完整的。最外围圆的直径为520英尺(160米),高8英尺(2.4米)。经考古学家鉴定,这个遗址和附近其他古代定居点的形成可以追溯到早期青铜时代II期(公元前3000-2700 年)。
该遗址被认为是一个古老的天文台和恒星历。由于发掘的材料极少, 以色列考古学家推论说,这可能不是一个防御阵地或居民区,而是一个祭祀中心,极可能和死者的祭仪有关。然而,有关它的功能并没有达成共识,因为在近东地区还没有发现类似的结构。
词源
Rujm el-Hiri这个名字,“野猫石堆”,出现在叙利亚的地图上。术语rujm在阿拉伯语中(复数rujum;希伯来语:rogem)也可以指一个古墓, 一个将死者埋葬在下面的石头堆。这个名字有时也用罗马的写法记为Rujm Hiri 或 Rujum al-Hiri。
Rogem Hiri 是阿拉伯名字Rujm el-Hiri的希伯来文版。另一个希伯来文的名字是Gilgal Refā'īm 或 Galgal Refā'īm, “灵魂之轮”或“鬼轮”。Refa'im在现代希伯来语中的意思是“鬼魂”或“灵魂”。相同词根的词被塔纳赫人用来指一个巨人的种族,利乏音人。他们被描述为巴山(现在的戈兰高地)的古代人。

结构和描述
该遗址的大小和位置,在一个散落着数百个墓石牌坊的宽敞的平台上,意味着空中的视角需要能看到完整的布局。该遗址由玄武岩石块做成。由于区域的火山活动历史,这种岩石在戈兰高地很常见。它由37500 – 40000吨的石材制成,部分被堆砌到2米(6.6英尺)高。据Freikman估计,这个巨大古迹的运输和建造花费了超过25,000个工作日。它也常常被称作“黎凡特的巨石阵。”

图文揭秘以色列神秘巨石阵(组图) (2/2)


导读:※奇闻提要: Rujm el-Hiri是一种古老的巨石纪念碑,包含石头放置的同心圆和在圆心的古墓。它坐落在戈兰高地的以色列占领区域,加利利海的海岸东部约16公里处,一个覆盖着数百个墓石牌坊的大平台中间。





现有的遗迹包含了一个巨大的玄武岩堆砌的圆圈(略似椭圆),里面有四个较小的同心圆,且向内逐渐变薄。有的是完整的,有的不完整。圆圈的墙壁由一些不规则放置的稍小一些的石墙垂直连接。
中间的古墓由较小的石头建造,且被认为是在周围的围墙建好之后构造的。和它相连的有四道主要的石墙。第一道墙形状如同半圆,直径50米,宽1.5米。与这道墙相连的第二道墙是一个几乎完整的直径为90米的圆圈。第三道墙是一个完整的圆圈,直径110米,宽2.6m。第四道墙是最大的:直径150米,宽3.2米。

中央的古墓直径65英尺(20米),高15英尺(4.6米),由同心圆包围。其中最外层直径为520英尺(160米),高8英尺(2.4米)。两个遗址的入口分别面对东北(29米(95英尺)宽)和东南(26米(85英尺)宽)方向。东北方向的入口有一个20英尺(6.1米)长的通道通向圆的中心,这似乎指向夏至日出的方向。在遗址中间发现的古墓的轴线是大致对齐的。赫尔蒙山几乎是正北而塔博尔山靠近十二月冬至日出。 几何学和天文学由于庙方的设计在视觉上联系起来。
历史和宗旨
该遗址的编目是在1967-1968年期间Shmarya Gutman 和 Claire Epstein共同进行的考古研究中完成的。这个遗址很有可能就是传说“残余的巨人(Og)”的来源。测量员用叙利亚地图在石堆的顶部发现了一个叙利亚的三角标识。在这项初步研究之后,20世纪80年代起,严肃的考古发掘在以色列教授Kochavi 和 Yoni Mizrachi的带领下开始了,作为这片土地上基述考古项目的一部分。
假说
祭拜 - 根据这一假说,该遗址是在一年内的白昼最长和最短的日子里用于特殊仪式的。似乎在公元前3000年,白昼最长的这一天,太阳照射的第一缕阳光穿透东北门的开口,尺寸是20*29米。然而它们并没有照耀在一个完美的角度。据推测这是因为建造者没有足够精确的建筑工具。居民很可能使用该遗址来祭拜塔穆兹和伊什塔尔——生育之神——以感谢他们为全年带来的好收成。经过中间墓的竖立后,光线的路径被阻断了。
埋葬点 – 似乎祭拜的地方后来成为了领导者或其他重要个人的墓地。支持这一理论的是那些牌坊里的墓。但是没有发现任何人类的遗骸,指向其作为坟墓的功能的唯一证据。此外,即使它是一个坟墓,也应该不是它的原始功能,因为墓比遗址本身新1000年。
Dakhma – 考古学家 Rami Arav 认为这个地方的功能类似于拜火教的Dakhmas,死去的人们被放在这里供鸟类啄食掉他们的血肉。
日历 - 有些人认为该遗址被用来计算古代的历法。在两个分点的时候,太阳的光线会从两块2米高、5米宽的石头之间通过,照射到场地的东部边缘。根据Anthony Aveni 和 Yonatan Mizrachi,到中心的入口在夏至的日出时开启。墙壁的其他缺口指示着春分和秋分点。
天文观测 - 也许遗址被用于星座的天文观测,很可能是为宗教计算。 研究人员发现,遗址建造的尺寸和比例在其他时期的结构中很常见,并且部分基于恒星的位置。
今天
2007年,该遗址被耶路撒冷希伯来大学的Yosef Garfinkel 和 Michael Freikman挖掘出来。 Freikman在2010年夏天返回该遗址对其日期和功能作进一步研究。 Freikman认为,在中心的墓和周围的同心圆环是同时建成的。 盗墓贼将剩余物洗劫一空,其中包括珠宝和武器,但这是基于一个掉落在通道的铜石针的发现。Freikman的理论是,该墓是这些环的核心。
新时代运动崇尚回归自然,在夏至和春分时聚集在现场来观看穿过岩石的第一缕曙光。


责任编辑:重头再来
http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
本帖最后由 癯鹤 于 2016-12-20 13:20 编辑



A 3D reconstruction of the structures in the Bruniquel Cave. (Xavier Muth - Get in Situ, Archéotransfert, Archéovision -SHS-3D, base photographique Pascal Mora)  ...
癯鹤 发表于 2016-10-16 17:40
今天看了拍摄的视频,从高处看,这个扁圆形不是椭圆形,而是略似桃-心形状!看来不用联系椭圆与焦点的数学问题了(但不排除有萌芽思想),另外这组图形整体看来像一个头部极大的外星人,真奇怪!
http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
本帖最后由 癯鹤 于 2016-11-24 23:40 编辑

17# 癯鹤
淹城遗址这种城市构造模仿亚特兰蒂斯,是欧亚大陆东西两岸(岛夷)以及内陆(塞人)都可找到例子的。
注意这些构造中央那类似“金井”、“玉井”的火堆、石堆、水潭等构造。简直就是画龙点睛!

英国巨石阵附近发现新石器时代建筑群遗址

2016年11月24日06:30 中国文物网 我有话说(2人参与)收藏本文



  英国的巨石阵是人类几大未解之谜之一。近日,考古学家在巨石阵附近发现了一处新石器时代的大型建筑群遗址,或许可以解开有关巨石阵的谜团。


  据悉,建筑群是在威尔特郡一个名叫Larkhill的村庄中发现的,该村庄位于巨石阵东北部2.4公里处。建筑群直径达200米,内部有约950米长的沟渠,其兴建时间为公元前3650年,比巨石阵早1000多年。


  考古团队在建筑群内找到了牛骨、陶制餐具和人类遗骸。此外,还发现了使用过的燧石堆和磨面粉的马鞍状手推磨。




  关于巨石阵的用途向来众说纷纭,有人认为这里的石头可以治愈疾病,有人认为它们是某种乐器,还有人认为巨石阵是用来观测星星的天文台。此次考古队的发现提供了新的线索,研究人员表示,人们曾在巨石阵举行宗教仪式,并把此处用作墓地。(中国青年网编译报道)


  来源:中国青年网
http://blog.sina.com.cn/aganmu
商都奄,在曲阜,城中有河,多次被大水没,成就了淹。
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