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距今五千年左右环境恶化事件对我国新石器文化的影响及其原因的初步探讨

距今五千年左右环境恶化事件对我国新石器文化的影响及其原因的初步探讨
朱艳1,2, 陈发虎2, 张家武2, 安成邦2
1. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,兰州730070;
2. 兰州大学西部环境教育部重点实验室, 兰州730000

A Discussion on the Effects of Deteriorated Environment Event on the Neolithic Culture of China, around 5 000 a BP
ZHU Yan1,2, CHEN Fa hu2, ZHANG Jia wu2, AN Cheng bang2
1. College of Geography and Environment Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 China;
2. National Key Laboratory of the West Environmental System, Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000 China
摘要 距今五千年左右全球普遍存在一次变化幅度较大的突发性环境恶化事件 ,此事件导致各地生态环境发生了较大的变化 ,与此同时的我国新石器文化表现为衰退和在某些地点的中断。气候环境变化是该时段影响人类文化发展变化的主要因素。环境变化对史前文化影响的可能原因是 :气候变化导致生态环境变化 ,生态环境变化导致直接影响人类生存的生物营养源的变化 ,进而导致史前文化的变化。   

   关键词 : 5000aBP,  环境恶化事件,  新石器文化变化,  原因分析      
Abstract:A number of environmental records reveal that there was a rapid environmental deterioating event all over the world ca 5000 a BP. During this period, there was a movement of vegetations zone to south in the southern China, lower sea level along the coast in the southern and eastern China, and desertification in some sites of northern China. Meanwhile, there was a fargoing regradation or discontinuity of Neolithic culture in China. Furthermore, we have noticed some special clues which would help us to insure the result that deteriorated environment caused deteriorating of planting plants. For example, comparisons between early and late epochs of ca 5000 a BP. find that the sites number of the millet dud out declined in Yellow River drainage area; just only straw and shuck of paddy were discovered in the archaeological sites without rice in Yangtse River delta; the activities of fishing hunting were less, yet activities of feeding domestic animal were more all over China ca 5000 a BP. At the same time, there were also many records of the state of culture development consistent with the environmental changes all over the world. We propose that the degradation and discontinuity of Neolithic culture was caused by the deteriorated environmental conditions. It may be the environmental changes that affected the prehistoric culture. Vegetations are the nutrition resources of human. The past global changes (PAGES) have validated that climatic changes is at bottom of the changes of ecological system. The change of ecological system caused the changes of vegetations that affected the life of human directly, and hence, caused the changes of Neolithic culture. The role of the deteriorating environmental conditions affecting the Neolithic culture was in two folds. The first is that it boosted the development of Neolithic culture in some extents as the amplitude of environmental changes were small, because the environmental changes curtailed natural yield per unit area of nutrition resources and human were compelled to invent and improve techniques to raise per unit yield to fit their needs in food. The second is that it could bring about the discontinuity of Neolithic culture when the amplitude of environmental changes was so large that vegetations were destroyed entirely and human, losing their nutrition resources completely, had to migrate to find new nutrition resources. The amplitude of environmental changes was smaller in the southern China than that in the northern, ca 5000 a BP., so the Neolithic culture showed regradation in southern China and more discontinuity of Neolithic culture appeared in northern because the nutrition resources were dried up as large area of land was desertificated.
Key words: Around 5000 a BP.    Environmental deteriorating event    Neolithic culture  
收稿日期: 2001-02-01      出版日期: 2011-04-14  
PACS:  X24     

基金资助:
国家自然科学基金资助项目(49871072);国家自然科学基金重点项目(49731010);“973”国家重点基础研究发展规划资助项目(

作者简介: 朱艳(1964-),女,博士,副教授。主要从事第四纪环境演化、古生态和人地关系方面的研究。
记得原来都说的是4000年前以后恶化,现在又变成5000年了?
5000年前,就是涿鹿之战的发生年代,见:涿鹿之战的考古学研究http://blog.163.com/jin_yufei/bl ... 094201192814722511/
记得原来都说的是4000年前以后恶化,现在又变成5000年了?
氐羌人后裔 发表于 2017-5-13 13:36
我只知道这次环境突变

https://wenku.baidu.com/view/a3cd69681eb91a37f1115c96.html
距今五千年前后文化迁徙现象初探
距今五千年前后的史前文化大迁徙的原因目前尚难一一道明,但总结起来应与三个方面的因素有关。一是环境因素。据古环境研究〔1〕,距今6000-5000年是全新世大暖期的一个气候波动剧烈、环境较差阶段,总体情况是干湿冷热变化无常,被称为“躁动期”。仰韶时代晚期的绝对年代大约是距今5500-4700年,正处于气候“躁动期”。在原有生存环境下的人们,由于遇到变温事件,经济生产和日常生活突感不适,寻求新的生存空间便成为其强烈的愿望。
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